National Medical Commission Bill 2017 has been approved by the Cabinet to replace Medical Council of India (MCI) to ensure transparency. The bill will replace the existing apex medical education regulator Medical Council of India with a new body. As per Law and Justice Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, the process is to be followed to correct the entire medical ecosystem. The MCI is a statutory body responsible for uniform and high education in India. However, with the approval of the draft bill, NMC will replace the body and will take over all the responsibilities.
As per the report of a daily newspaper, the move is based on recommendations of Ranjit Roychaudhary Committee and Parliamentary standing committee.
The National Medical Commission (NMC) is an umbrella body for supervision and facilitation of medical education and oversight of the medical professional practice. It will work as a central body for inspection over medical professionals and their practice, with an overall objective to protect the interest of the doctor, patient and the general public.
According to a senior government functionary, this draft bill provides four independent bodies – UG medical education and training board, PG medical education and training board, assessment and officially approval of medical institutions and registration of practitioners. Each of the body will solely focus on its area of influence.
Also, the bill foresees 64-member Medical Advisory Council constituted by the government, which would act as the primary platform for states to give views and state comments related to medical education.
The government nominated chairman, members and the board members will be selected by the Cabinet Secretary. There will be five elected and 12 ex-officio members in the commission.
This bill also proposes to conduct a common medical entrance exam and the licentiate exam. The exams must be qualified by all medical graduates to get practising licenses.
NMC bill also aims to ameliorate medical education sector which was under scrutiny for corruption and unethical practices
No permissions would be required to add new seats and to start postgraduate courses, as mentioned in the provisions of the bill