NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry

 

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry- This is an application chapter of the previous chapter. In this particular chapter, we will study some ways in which trigonometry is used in our daily life. Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry has covered the detailed explanation to each and every question. In the previous class, you have studied trigonometric ratios. Trigonometry is used in navigation, geography, construction of maps, determining the position of an island, etc. In this chapter, we will learn how trigonometry is used for finding the distances and heights and various objects, without actually measuring them. Trigonometry is one of the most ancient topics studied by scholars all over the world. In this chapter, there is only one exercise with 16 questions, based on the practical application of trigonometry. CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry are designed by the subject experts to help students in their preparation of board exams. This chapter introduces new terms like the line of sight, angle of depression and angle of elevation. NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry will give you assistance while practicing the questions of the practice exercises including optional exercise. Let's understand a few terms used in this chapter through the diagram.

  • The line of sight- It is an imaginary line drawn from the observer's eye to the object viewed by the observer.

  • The angle of elevation-  The angle of elevation of an object viewed by an observer, is the angle formed by the line of sight with the horizontal level when the object is above the horizontal level,

                             

  • The angle of depression- The angle of depression of an object viewed by an observer, is the angle formed by the line of sight with the horizontal level when the object is below the horizontal level.

                                

Along with this particular chapter, NCERT solutions are available subject wise and chapter wise. If you want to go through them then click on the link given.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry Excercise: 9.1

Q1 A circus artist is climbing a 20 m long rope, which is tightly stretched and tied from the top of a vertical pole to the ground. Find the height of the pole, if the angle made by the rope with the ground level is 30° (see Fig. 9.11).

                            

Answer:

Given that,
The length of the rope (AC) = 20 m. and \angle ACB =30^o
Let the height of the pole (AB) be h

So, in the right triangle \Delta ABC

By using the Sin rule
\sin \theta = \frac{P}{H} =\frac{AB}{AC}
         \sin 30^o =\frac{h}{20}
         h =10 m.
Hence the height of the pole is 10 m.

Q2 A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle 30° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

Answer:


Suppose DB is a tree and the AD is the broken height of the tree which touches the ground at C.
GIven that,
\angle ACB = 30^o, BC = 8 m 
let AB = x m and AD =  y
So, AD+AB = DB = x+y

In right angle triangle \Delta ABC,
\tan \theta = \frac{P}{B}=\frac{x}{8}
\tan 30^o =\frac{x}{8}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}
So,  the value of x = 8/\sqrt{3}

Similarily, 
\cos 30^o = \frac{BC}{AC} = \frac{8}{y}
the value of y is 16/\sqrt{3}

So, the total height of the tree is-

  x+y=\frac{24}{\sqrt{3}}=8\sqrt{3}          

= 8 (1.732) = 13.856 m (approx)

Q3 A contractor plans to install two slides for the children to play in a park. For the children below the age of 5 years, she prefers to have a slide whose top is at a height of 1.5 m, and is inclined at an angle of 30° to the ground, whereas for elder children, she wants to have a steep slide at a height of 3m, and inclined at an angle of 60° to the ground. What should be the length of the slide in each case?

Answer:


Suppose x m is the length of slides for children below 5 years and the length of slides for elders children be y m.

Given that,
AF = 1.5 m, BC = 3 m, \angle AEF = 30^o and \angle BDC = 60^o

In triangle \DeltaEAF,
\sin \theta = \frac{AF}{EF} = \frac{1.5}{x}
\sin 30^o = \frac{1.5}{x}
The value of x is 3 m.

Similarily in \DeltaCDB,
\sin 60^o = \frac{3}{y}
\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}= \frac{3}{y}
the value of y is 2\sqrt{3} = 2(1.732) = 3.468

Hence the length of the slide for children below 5 yrs. is 3 m and for the elder children is 3.468 m.

Q4 The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground, which is 30 m away from the foot of the tower, is 30°. Find the height of the tower.

Answer:


Let the height of the tower AB is h and the angle of elevation from the ground at point C is \angle ACB = 30^o
According to question,
In the right triangle \Delta ABC,
\tan \theta = \frac{AB}{BC} = \frac{h}{30}
\tan 30^o =\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}=\frac{h}{30}
the value of h is 10\sqrt{3} = 10(1.732) = 17.32 m
Thus the height of the tower is 17.32 m

Q5 A kite is flying at a height of 60 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the ground is 60°. Find the length of the string, assuming that there is no slack in the string.

Answer:

                                              A

Given that,
The length of AB = 60 m and the inclination of the string with the ground at point C is \angle ACB = 60^o.
Let the length of the string AC be l.
According to question,
In right triangle \DeltaCBA,
\sin 60^{o} = \frac{AB}{AC} = \frac{60}{l}
\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} = \frac{60}{l}
The value of length of the string (l)  is 40\sqrt{3} = 40(1.732) = 69.28 m
Hence the length of the string is 69.28 m.

Q6 A 1.5 m tall boy is standing at some distance from a 30 m tall building. The angle of elevation from his eyes to the top of the building increases from 30° to 60° as he walks towards the building. Find the distance he walked towards the building.

Answer:


Given that,
The height of the tallboy (DC) is 1.5 m and the height of the building (AB) is 30 m.
\angle ADF = 30^o and \angle AEF = 60^o

According to question,
In right triangle AFD,
\\\Rightarrow \tan 30^o=\frac{AF}{DF} = \frac{28.5}{DF}\\\\\Rightarrow \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} = \frac{28.5}{DF}
So, DF = (28.5)\sqrt{3}

In right angle triangle \Delta AFE,
\tan 60^o =\frac{AF}{FE}=\frac{28.5}{EF}
\sqrt{3}=\frac{28.5}{EF}
EF = 9.5\sqrt{3}

So, distance walked by the boy towards the building = DF - EF = 19\sqrt{3}

Q7 From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a transmission tower fixed at the top of a 20 m high building are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower.

Answer:


Suppose BC = h is the height of transmission tower and the AB be the height of the building and  AD is the distance between the building and the observer point (D).
We have,
AB = 20 m, BC = h m and AD = x m
\angle CDA = 60^o and \angle BDA = 45^o

According to question,
In triangle \Delta BDA,
\tan 45^o = \frac{AB}{AD}=\frac{20}{x}
So, x = 20 m

Again,
In triangle \DeltaCAD,

\\\Rightarrow \tan 60^o = \frac{AB+BC}{AD}=\frac{20+h}{20}\\\\\Rightarrow \sqrt{3}= 1+\frac{h}{20}\\\\\Rightarrow h=20(\sqrt{3}-1)\\\\\Rightarrow 20(0.732) = 14.64 m

Answer- the height of the tower is 14.64 m

Q8 A statue, 1.6 m tall, stands on the top of a pedestal. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of the statue is 60° and from the same point, the angle of elevation of the top of the pedestal is 45°. Find the height of the pedestal.

Answer:


Let the height of the pedestal be h m. and the height of the statue is 1.6 m.
the angle of elevation of the top of the statue and top of the pedestal is(\angle DCB= 60^o )and(\angle ACB= 45^o) respectively.

Now, 
In triangle \Delta ABC,
\tan 45^o =1 =\frac{AB}{BC}=\frac{h}{BC}
therefore,  BC = h m

In triangle \Delta CBD,
\\\Rightarrow \tan 60^o = \frac{BD}{BC}=\frac{h+1.6}{h}\\\\\Rightarrow \sqrt{3}= 1+\frac{1.6}{h}
the value of  h is 0.8(\sqrt{3}+1) m
Hence the height of the pedestal is  0.8(\sqrt{3}+1)m

Q9 The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the building.

Answer:


It is given that, the height of the tower (AB) is 50 m. \angle AQB = 30^o and \angle PBQ = 60^o
Let the height of the building be h m

According to question,
In triangle PBQ,
\tan 60^o = \frac{PQ}{BQ} = \frac{50}{BQ}
\\\sqrt{3} = \frac{50}{BQ}\\ BQ = \frac{50}{\sqrt{3}}.......................(i)

In triangle ABQ,

\tan 30^o = \frac{h}{BQ}
{BQ}=h\sqrt{3}.........................(ii)
On equating the eq(i) and (ii) we get,

\frac{50}{\sqrt{3}}=h\sqrt{3}
therefore, h = 50/3 = 16.66 m = height of the building.

Q10 Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other on either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30°, respectively. Find the height of the poles and the distances of the point from the poles.

Answer:


Given that,
The height of both poles are equal  DC = AB. The angle of elevation of of the top of the poles are \angle DEC=30^o and \angle AEB=60^o resp.
Let the height of the poles be  h m and CE = x and BE = 80 - x

According to question,
In triangle DEC,

\\\Rightarrow \tan 30^o = \frac{DC}{CE} = \frac{h}{x}\\\\\Rightarrow \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}= \frac{h}{x}\\\\\Rightarrow x=h\sqrt{3}..............(i)

In triangle AEB,
\\\Rightarrow \tan 60^o = \frac{AB}{BE}=\frac{h}{80-x}\\\\\Rightarrow \sqrt{3}=\frac{h}{80-x}\\\\\Rightarrow x=80 - \frac{h}{\sqrt{3}}..................(ii)
On equating eq (i) and eq (ii), we get

\sqrt{3}h=80 - \frac{h}{\sqrt{3}}
\frac{h}{\sqrt{3}}=20
h=20\sqrt{3} m
So, x = 60 m

Hence the height of both poles is (h=20\sqrt{3})m and the position of the point is at 60 m from the pole CD and 20 m from the pole AB. 

Q11 A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From another point 20 m away from this point on the line joining this point to the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30° (see Fig. 9.12). Find the height of the tower and the width of the canal.

                

Answer:


Suppose the h is the height of the tower AB and BC = x m
It is given that, the width of CD is 20 m, 
According to question,

In triangle \Delta ADB,
\\\Rightarrow \tan 30^o = \frac{AB}{20+x}=\frac{h}{20+x}\\\\\Rightarrow \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}=\frac{h}{20+x}\\\\\Rightarrow 20+x = h\sqrt{3}\\\\\Rightarrow x = h\sqrt{3}-20............(i)

In triangle ACB,
\\\Rightarrow \tan 60^o = \frac{h}{x}=\sqrt{3}\\\\\Rightarrow x= \frac{h}{\sqrt{3}}.............(ii)

On equating eq (i) and (ii) we get:

h\sqrt{3}-20= \frac{h}{\sqrt{3}}
from here we can calculate the value of  h=10\sqrt{3}= 10 (1.732) = 17.32\: m  and the width of the canal is 10 m.

Q12 From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

Answer:


Let the height of the cable tower be (AB = h+7)m
Given,
The height of the building is 7 m and angle of elevation of the top of the tower \angle ACE = 60^o , angle of depression of its foot \angle BCE = 45^o.

According to question,

In triangle \Delta DBC,
\\\tan 45^o = \frac{CD}{BD} = \frac{7}{BD} = 1\\ BD =7\ m
since DB = CE = 7 m

In triangle \Delta ACE,

\\\tan 60^o = \frac{h}{CE}=\frac{h}{7}=\sqrt{3}\\ \therefore h = 7\sqrt{3}\ m

Thus, the total height of the tower equal to h+7 =7(1+\sqrt{3}\) m

Q13 As observed from the top of a 75 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

Answer:

Given that,
The height of the lighthouse (AB) is 75 m from the sea level. And the angle of depression of two different ships are \angle ADB = 30^0 and \angle ACB = 45^0 respectively

Let the distance between both the ships be x m.
According to question,

In triangle \Delta ADB,

\tan 30^0 = \frac{AB}{BD}=\frac{75}{x+y} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}
\therefore x+y = 75 \sqrt{3}.............(i)

In triangle \Delta ACB,

\tan 45^0 = 1 =\frac{75}{BC}=\frac{75}{y}
\therefore y =75\ m.............(ii)

From equation (i) and (ii) we get;
x = 75(\sqrt{3}-1)=75(0.732)
 x = 54.9\simeq 55\ m

Hence, the distance between the two ships is approx 55 m.   

Q14 A 1.2 m tall girl spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at a height of 88.2 m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the eyes of the girl at any instant is 60°. After some time, the angle of elevation reduces to 30° (see Fig. 9.13). Find the distance traveled by the balloon during the interval.

                        

Answer:

Given that,
The height of the girl is 1.2 m. The height of the balloon from the ground is 88.2 m and the angle of elevation of the balloon from the eye of the girl at any instant is (\angle ACB =60^0) and after some time \angle DCE =30^0.

Let the x distance travelled by the balloon from position A to position D during the interval.
AB = ED = 88.2 - 1.2 =87 m

Now, In triangle \Delta BCA,

\\\tan 60^0 = \sqrt{3}=\frac{AB}{BC}=\frac{87}{BC}\\ \therefore BC = 29\sqrt{3}

In triangle \Delta DCE,

\\\tan 30^0 = \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}=\frac{DE}{CE}=\frac{87}{CE}\\ \therefore CE = 87\sqrt{3}

Thus, distance traveled by the balloon from position A to D

= CE - BC =87\sqrt{3}-29\sqrt{3} = 58\sqrt{3} m

Q15  A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower. A man standing at the top of the tower observes a car at an angle of depression of 30°, which is approaching the foot of the tower with a uniform speed. Six seconds later, the angle of depression of the car is found to be 60°. Find the time taken by the car to reach the foot of the tower from this point.

Answer:


Let h be the height of the tower (DC) and the speed of the car be x\ ms^{-1}. Therefore, the distance (AB)covered by the car in 6 seconds is 6x m. Let t time required to reach the foot of the tower. So, BC = xt

According to question,
In triangle \Delta DAC,
\\\tan 30^0 = \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}=\frac{h}{6x+xt}\\ x(6+t) = h\sqrt{3}..........................(i)

In triangle \Delta BCD,

\\\tan 60^0 = \sqrt{3} = \frac{h}{xt}\\ \therefore h = 3.xt...................(ii)

Put the value of h in equation (i) we get,
\\x(6+t) = (\sqrt{3}.\sqrt{3})xt\\ 6x +xt = 3xt\\ 6x = 2xt
t = 3

Hence, from point B car take 3 sec to reach the foot of the tower.

Q16 The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and 9 m from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is 6 m.

Answer:


Let the height of the tower be h m.
we have PB = 4m and QB = 9 m
Suppose \angle BQA = \theta , so\angle APB =90- \theta

According to question,

In triangle \Delta ABQ,

\\\tan \theta = \frac{h}{9}\\ \therefore h = 9 \tan \theta..............(i)

In triangle \Delta ABP,

\\\tan (90-\theta)=\cot \theta = \frac{h}{4}\\ \therefore h = 4\cot \theta.....................(ii)

multiply the equation (i) and  (ii), we get

\\h^2 = 36\\ \Rightarrow h = 6 m

Hence the height of the tower is 6 m. 

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths - chapter wise

Chapter No.

Chapter Name

Chapter 1

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 1 Real Numbers

Chapter 2

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 2 Polynomials

Chapter 3

Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Chapter 4

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 4 Quadratic Equations

Chapter 5

NCERT solutions for class 10 chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions

Chapter 6

Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 6 Triangles

Chapter 7

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry

Chapter 8

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry

Chapter 9

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry

Chapter 10

CBSE NCERT solutions class 10 maths chapter 10 Circles

Chapter 11

NCERT solutions  for class 10 maths chapter 11 Constructions

Chapter 12

Solutions of NCERT class 10 chapter maths chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles

Chapter 13

CBSE NCERT solutions class 10 maths chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes

Chapter 14

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 14 Statistics

Chapter 15

Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 15 Probability

Solutions of NCERT class 10 subject wise

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths

Solutions of NCERT for class 10 science

How to use NCERT Solutions for class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry?

  • Before coming to this chapter, please ensure that you have completed the previous chapter.

  • Read the conceptual theory given in the NCERT textbook and have a look over some examples present in the textbook.

  • Once you complete the above points then you can jump to the practice exercises available in the NCERT textbook.

  • While practicing the questions in practice exercises, you can use NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry.

  • When you have done the practice exercise then the best thing to make your concepts strong is the last 5 year papers.

Keep working hard & happy learning!

 

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