NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds: In this chapter, you will study about the carbon and its related compound. Carbon is a versatile element that forms the basis for all living organisms and many of the things we use. This large variety of compounds is formed by carbon because of its tetravalency and the property of catenation that it exhibits. Covalent bonds are formed by the sharing of electrons between two atoms so that both can achieve a completely filled outermost shell. Carbon forms covalent bonds with itself and other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, and chlorine.

Carbon also forms compounds containing double and triple bonds between carbon atoms. These carbon chains may be in the form of straight chains, branched chains or rings. The ability of carbon to form chains gives rise to a homologous series of compounds in which the same functional group is attached to carbon chains of different lengths.

Here are the important topics of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds mentioned below:

4.1 Bonding in Carbon - The Covalent Bond

4.2 Versatile Nature of Carbon

4.2.1 Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds

4.2.2 Chains, Branches and Rings

4.2.4 Homologous Series

4.2.5 Nomenclature of Carbon Compound

4.3 Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds

4.3.1 Cumbustion

4.3.3 Oxidation

4.3.4 Addition Reaction

4.3.5 Substitution Reaction

4.4 Some Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanol and Ethanoic Acid

4.4.1 Properties of Ethanol

4.4.2 Properties of Ethanoic Acid

4.5 Soaps and Detergents

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 will also tell you that the functional groups such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids bestow characteristic properties to the carbon compounds that contain them. Carbon and its compounds are some of our major sources of fuels. Ethanol and ethanoic acid are carbon compounds of importance in our daily lives. The action of soaps and detergents is based on the presence of both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups in the molecule and this helps to emulsify the oily dirt and hence its removal.

After going through this chapter, you must be able to get the NCERT Solution of these questions which are mentioned below, as these questions are from NCERT.

Q1. How can ethanol and ethanoic acid be differentiated on the basis of their physical and chemical properties?

Q2. Why does micelle formation take place when soap is added to water? Will a micelle be formed in other solvents such as ethanol also?

Q3.Why are carbon and its compounds used as fuels for most applications? 

Q4. Explain the formation of scum when hard water is treated with soap.

If you face any problem in solving these questions then, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds is there for you to help. Try to solve all the given questions, as NCERT Solution will help you.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds- Solutions


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science - Chapter wise

Chapter No.

Chapter Name

Chapter 1

Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chapter 2

Acids, Bases, and Salts

Chapter 3

Metals and Non-metals

Chapter 5

Periodic Classification of Elements

Chapter 6

Life Processes

Chapter 7

Control and Coordination

Chapter 8

How do Organisms Reproduce?

Chapter 9

Heredity and Evolution

Chapter 10

Light Reflection and Refraction

Chapter 11

The Human Eye and The Colorful World

Chapter 12


Chapter 13

Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Chapter 14

Sources of Energy

Chapter 15

Our Environment

Chapter 16

Sustainable Management of Natural Resources


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 - Subject Wise

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science


Recently Asked Questions


Related Articles