NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques- In this chapter, students will get to know about some basic principles and techniques of analysis which are required for understanding the properties and formation of organic compounds. The NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques are prepared by our subject experts to help students in understanding the basic concepts of organic chemistry in a holistic manner. Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques is an important chapter for a chemistry student from the perspective of getting hold of basic concepts of organic chemistry which will eventually help in subsequent chapters. Since this is a theoretical chapter and many concepts and facts will be learnt from exercise questions directly, hence It is must to go through solutions of NCERT for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques. In this chapter, there are a total of 40 questions in the exercise. You can also refer to NCERT solutions with the detailed explanation of each and every question of NCERT textbook which will help you in preparation of CBSE class 11 final examination as well as in various competitive exams like NEET, JEE Main, BITSAT, VITEEE, etc.
This chapter along with CBSE NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques discusses some basic concepts in the reactivity and structure of organic compounds which are formed due to the covalent bonding, IUPAC nomenclature and classification of organic compounds, electromeric effect, inductive effect, hyperconjugation, and resonance. All related information about the heterolytic fission and homolytic fission of a covalent bond- carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, nucleophiles, and electrophiles is discussed in the later part of the chapter.
Organic compounds are essential for sustaining life's on the earth and include complex molecules like protein and DNA that constitutes important compounds of our blood, skin, and muscles. Some important areas of application of organic compounds are medicines, dyes, fuels, polymers, and clothing. These compounds can be classified on the basis of their functional group or the structure.
What is Functional Group?
A functional group is defined as an atom or group of atoms bonded together in a specific manner, which gives the chemical and physical properties of the organic compounds and they are the centres of the chemical reactivity.
Some important points of Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques of Class 11 Chemistry-
1. Organic compounds are formed due to covalent bonding.
2. According to orbital hybridization concept carbon can have and hybridized orbitals.
3. The 3D representation of organic compounds on paper can be drawn by dash and wedge formula.
4. Compounds having the same molecular formula but differ in their physical and chemical properties are known as isomers and the phenomenon is called isomerism.
5. Addition, substitution, elimination and rearrangement reactions are the types of organic reaction.
12.1 General Introduction
12.2 Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds
12.3 Structural Representations of Organic Compounds
12.4 Classification of Organic Compounds
12.5 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
12.7 Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism
12.8 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds
12.9 Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds
12.10 Quantitative Analysis