NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques

In this chapter, students will get to know about some basic principles and techniques of analysis which are required for understanding the properties and formation of organic compounds. Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques is an important chapter for a chemistry student because this chapter makes the base of organic chemistry. In this chapter, there is a total of 40 questions in the exercise. The NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques are prepared by our subject experts to help students in their preparation of CBSE class 11 final examination and also help in the preparation of various competitive exams like NEET, JEE Main, BITSAT, VITEEE, etc.

In NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques we will discuss some basic concepts in the reactivity and structure of organic compounds,  which are formed due to the covalent bonding, IUPAC nomenclature and classification of organic compounds, electromeric effect, inductive effect, hyperconjugation, and resonance. All related information about the heterolytic fission and homolytic fission of a covalent bond- carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, nucleophiles, and electrophiles are discussed in detail in the chapter.

Organic compounds are essential for sustaining life's on the earth and include complex molecules like protein and DNA that constitutes important compounds of our blood, skin, and muscles. Some important areas of application of organic compounds are medicines, dyes, fuels, polymers, and clothing. These compounds can be classified on the basis of their functional group or the structure.

What is Functional Group?

A functional group is defined as an atom or group of atoms bonded together in a specific manner, which gives the chemical and physical properties of the organic compounds and they are the centres of the chemical reactivity.

Some important points of Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques of Class 11 Chemistry-

1. Organic compounds are formed due to covalent bonding.

2. According to orbital hybridization concept carbon can have sp^3,\:sp^2,\: and sp hybridized orbitals.

3. The 3D representation of organic compounds on paper can be drawn by dash and wedge formula.

4. Compounds having the same molecular formula but differ in their physical and chemical properties are known as isomers and the phenomenon is called isomerism.

5. Addition, substitution, elimination and rearrangement reactions are the types of organic reaction.

Topics of NCERT Grade 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques

12.1 General Introduction

12.2 Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds

12.3 Structural Representations of Organic Compounds

12.4 Classification of Organic Compounds

12.5 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds

12.6 Isomerism

12.7 Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism

12.8 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds

12.9 Qualitative Analysis  of Organic Compounds

12.10 Quantitative Analysis

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques- Exercise Questions

Q-12.1 What are hybridization states of each carbon atom in the following compounds? CH_2 = C = O

View all NCERT solutions for class 11 Chemistry Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles and Techniques here.

NCERT Solutions for class 11 Chemistry

Chapter-1

Some basic concepts of Chemistry

Chapter-2

Structure of Atom

Chapter-3

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Chapter-4

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Chapter-5

States of Matter

Chapter-6

Thermodynamics

Chapter-7

Equilibrium

Chapter-8

Redox Reaction

Chapter-9

Hydrogen

Chapter-10

The S-Block Elements

Chapter-11

The P-Block Elements

Chapter-12

Organic chemistry- some basic principles and techniques

Chapter-13

Hydrocarbons

Chapter-14

Environmental Chemistry

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