NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons


NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbon means the compounds of hydrogen and carbon only. Hydrocarbons are mainly formed by petroleum and fuel, which are important as well as a major source of energy. This chapter talks about the classification of hydrocarbons, its properties, reactions, and use. There are 25 questions in this chapter. The NCERT Solutions for Class 11 are prepared and designed by our subject experts. These NCERT solutions help students in the preparation of CBSE final examination of class 11 and also helps in various competitive exams like NEET, JEE, etc.

In NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons, we will discuss aliphatic hydrocarbons-alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, their IUPAC nomenclature, chemical reactions, and physical properties. After completing these chapter students will be able to distinguish between alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic compounds on the basis of chemical and physical properties; learn about the various preparation methods for hydrocarbons and also appreciate the role of hydrocarbons in industrial applications and as sources of energy.

Some important points of Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons-

1. Hydrocarbons are the compounds of hydrogen(H) and carbon(C) only.

2. Hydrocarbons compounds are classified as -

  • Open chain saturated compounds (alkanes)
  • Open chain unsaturated compounds (alkenes and alkynes)
  • Cyclic compounds (alicyclic)
  • Aromatic compounds

3. The important reactions of are combustion, oxidation, free radical substitution and aromatization.

4. Alkynes and alkenes hydrocarbons undergo addition reactions, which are generally electrophilic additions.

5. Aromatic hydrocarbons undergo mainly electrophilic substitution.

6. Alkanes show conformational isomerism due to the free rotation along with Carbon-Carbon sigma bonds. And due to restricted rotation around the C=C double bond, alkenes exhibit geometrical(cis-trans) isomerism.

Topics of NCERT Grade 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons

13.1 Classification

13.2 Alkanes

13.3 Alkenes

13.4 Alkynes

13.5 Aromatic Hydrocarbon

13.6 Carcinogenicity and Toxicity

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons- Exercise Questions

Q- 13.1  How do you account for the formation of ethane during chlorination of methane?

View all NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons here.

NCERT Solutions for class 11 Chemistry


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