# NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current: If you are in class 10, you should know that this chapter holds good weightage in your board exams. Therefore, it will be better to study CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 magnetic effects of electric current as the concepts studied here are going to be used in class 11 and 12. Some of the topics discussed in this chapter are magnetic field and field lines, magnetic field due to a current-carrying conductor, the force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field, electric motor, electromagnetic induction, electric generator, and domestic electric circuits. The solutions of NCERT class 10 science chapter 13 magnetic effects of electric current provide detailed explanations to each topic wise question and exercise questions as well.

NCERT solutions for classes 6 to 12 is basically a good tool to aid students in these classes to understand how to solve the questions and problems asked in their respective exams.

Topics to study in class 10 science chapter 13 magnetic effects of electric current

1. Magnetic Field and Field Lines

2. Magnetic Field Due to a Current-Carrying Conductor

3. Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in  a Magnetic Field

4. Electric Motor

5. Electromagnetic Induction

6. Electric Generator

7. Domestic Electric Circuits

Some devices that will be introduced in chapter 13 magnetic effects of electric current of class 10 are

• Electric motor

• Electrical generator

Well, what these devices are, how they will work and what are their uses are some of the important things that studied and understood with the help of NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current.

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.1 Magnetic Field and Field lines

The compass needle has a magnet inside it, and when it is brought near the magnet, it gets deflected due to the magnetic force between the two magnets. The South of the needle points towards the magnetic North of the bar magnet and the North of needlepoint away from the North of the bar magnet. (Like pole attracts and unlike pole repels)

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.2 Magnetic Field Due to a Current-Carrying Conductor

The magnetic field lines emerge out from the North pole of the bar magnet and merge into the South pole, that is inside the bar magnet the field lines are from South to North and outside it is from North to South.

Some properties of magnetic field lines are

1) They never intersect with each other. If they intersect there must be two directions of the magnetic field which is not possible

2) The direction of magnetic field lines is from North pole to South pole outside the magnet and from South pole to North pole inside the magnet.

3) The field lines emerge from the north pole and merge at the south pole.

Two magnetic field lines do not intersect each other because the resultant magnetic field due to both poles can be in only one direction and if they intersect there will be two directions of the magnetic field which is impossible.

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

### Topic 13.2Magnetic Field Due to a Current-Carrying Conductor( 13.2.3 & 13.2.4)

When we pass the current clockwise, the magnetic field lines will emerge from outside the loop and will merge inside the loop.

The Uniform Magnetic Field can be represented as:

Q.3   Choose the correct option.

The magnetic field inside a long straight solenoid-carrying current

(a) is zero.

(b) decreases as we move towards its end.

(c) increases as we move towards its end.

(d) is the same at all points.

The magnetic field inside a long straight solenoid-carrying current is Uniform in nature, So the magnetic field is the same at all points.

Hence option (d) is correct Answer.

Solutions for NCERT class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.3 Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor In a magnetic Field

(a) mass

(b) speed

(c) velocity

(d) momentum

When a proton moves in the magnetic field, it experiences a force. this force will always be in a direction perpendicular to the direction of motion, so, the proton will always perform the circular motion. therefore, the velocity and momentum can change,

Hence option (c) and (d) are the correct option.

When a current-carrying wire is placed in the magnetic field, it experiences a force,

this force is proportional to the length of wire, the strength of the magnetic field and the magnitude of the current passing through the wire.

And hence When current in rod AB is increased, it will experience a greater force and hence will be more displaced.

When a current-carrying wire is placed in the magnetic field, it experiences a force, this force is proportional to the length of wire, the strength of the magnetic field and current through the wire.

And hence When a stronger horse-shoe magnet has used the strength of the magnetic field is high, and it will experience a greater force and hence will be more displaced.

When a current-carrying wire is placed in the magnetic field, it experiences a force,

this force is proportional to the length of wire, the strength of the magnetic field and the current through the wire.

And hence When the length of the rod AB is increased, it will experience a greater force and hence will be more displaced.

(a) towards south

(b) towards east

(c) downward

(d) upward

By Fleming's Left-hand rule,

Keeping the thumb, forefinger and middle finger in the mutually perpendicular directions. The middle finger represents the direction of the current (in the direction of motion of positive charge: towards the West), the thumb represents the force (towards the  North), then the forefinger represents the direction of the field (upward)

The direction of the Magnetic field will be upward.

Hence, Option (d) is the correct option.

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.4 Electric Motor

Fleming's Left-Hand Rule:

Whenever a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, the conductor experiences a force which is perpendicular to both the magnetic field and the direction of the current.

in other words,

if the first three fingers(Thumb, forefinger and middle finger) of the left hand are held mutually at right angles to each other and if the forefinger indicates the direction of the original field, and if the middle finger indicates the direction of current flowing through the conductor, then the thumb indicates the direction of the force exerted on the conductor.

When a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, it experiences a force which is perpendicular to both magnetic field and direction of current through the conductor. So, the force helps the conductor in performing the rotation. The electric motor uses this principle to rotate.

The split ring is also called commutator because it commutes (transfer) the current from outside of the motor to inside of the motor. It changes the direction of current after every half rotation so that the motor will continue to rotate in the same direction.

## CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.5 Electromagnetic Induction

Whenever we move a magnet towards the coil, a current will be induced. Also when we move loop towards the magnet, a current will be induced.

## NCERT textbook solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.6 Electric Generator

An electric generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. When the magnetic field around a conductor is changed, the generation of electric current happens in a circuit, this phenomenon is called electromagnetic induction. When we rotate a  coil in a magnetic field a current is induced in the coil (the circuit of the coil must be closed to utilize the current). The direction of the induced current is given by Fleming's right-hand rule.

The DC current is the current which does not change the direction with time. The sources of DC current are DC battery and Dc generator.

Alternating current is the current which alters the direction at some time interval. Some sources of this type of current are, AC generator and AC producing power plants.

A rectangular coil of copper wires is rotated in a magnetic field. The direction of the induced current changes once in each

(a) two revolutions

(b) one revolution

(c) half revolution

(d) one-fourth revolution

The direction of the induced current changes once in each half revolution, since the direction of relative motion of coil and the magnetic field, is changing in every half cycle

Hence the correct option is (c).

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Topic 13.7 Domestic Electric Circuits

Two safety measures commonly used in electric circuits and appliances are

1) Use of Electric Fuse: we add an electric fuse in series with our circuit to protect our circuit in the events when the current through the circuit becomes extremely high. When the current is high fuse breaks and the circuit gets isolated from the supply.

2) Earthing to prevent shock: we connect a proper ground connection so that whenever there is any leakage current in any appliance, it directly gets transferred to the ground without giving a shock to the person using the appliance.

As given in the question, the maximum current which can pass through electric oven is 5 A. So let's find out how much current will pass through the device in given power ratings.

So for power, we have a relation

Power (P) = Voltage(V) X Current (I)

So putting given values, we get

2 kW = 220 v X Current (I)

$\ Current(I)=\frac{2000}{220}A=\frac{100}{11}A=9.09A$

As we can see the current flowing in the electric oven is 9.09 A which is greater than 5 A. this can be a dangerous situation. the insulation on the wire may melt and cause a short circuit problem. we use a fuse to protect us from this situation. a fuse is just a wire which melts and breaks the circuit in the case of overcurrent situation like above.

Some precaution that should be taken to avoid the overloading of domestic electric circuits are:

1) we should not use too many appliances at the same time.

2) we should not connect too many appliances from a single socket.

3) we should use the fuse for protection when there is overload.

4) we should not connect the faulty appliances in the circuit.

5) Proper earthing should be there

## NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current - Exercise solutions

(a) The field consists of straight lines perpendicular to the wire.

(b) The field consists of straight lines parallel to the wire.

(c) The field consists of radial lines originating from the wire.

(d) The field consists of concentric circles centred on the wire.

The magnetic field lines around any current-carrying wire are a concentric circle in nature, the centre of whose circle lies in the wire.

Hence option (d) is correct.

(a) the process of charging a body.

(b) the process of generating a magnetic field due to a current passing through a coil.

(c) producing induced current in a coil due to relative motion between a magnet and the coil.

(d) the process of rotating a coil of an electric motor

Electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon of producing induced current in a coil by changing the magnetic field.

Hence, the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction is producing induced current in a coil due to relative motion between a magnet and the coil.

Hence option (c) is the correct option.

(a) generator.

(b) galvanometer.

(c) ammeter.

(d) motor.

We produce current in the generator so, The device used for producing electric current is called a Generator. it converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

(a) AC generator has an electromagnet while a DC generator has a permanent magnet.

(b) DC generator will generate a higher voltage.

(c) AC generator will generate a higher voltage.

(d) AC generator has slip rings while the DC generator has a commutator.

In a DC generator, we have two split rings also known as a commutator to prevent the change in direction of the current. while in AC, we want the direction to be changed so we use normal slip rings to transfer current from inside of the generator to outside of the generator. This is the main difference between the AC generator and the DC generator.

Hence, option (d) is the correct option.

(a) reduces substantially.

(b) does not change.

(c) increases heavily.

(d) vary continuously.

At the time of the short circuit, the current in the circuit increases abruptly.

Hence option (c) is the correct option.

(a) An electric motor converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

(b) An electric generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction.

(c) The field at the centre of a long circular coil carrying current will be parallel straight lines.

(d) A wire with a green insulation is usually the live wire of an electric supply.

a) False, because an electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. 26126

b) True, as electric generator uses the principle of electromagnetic induction for producing current.

c)True, as the long circular coil is equivalent to a solenoid. and hence the field at the centre of a long circular coil carrying current will be parallel straight lines.

d) False, As the live wire in domestic circuits is usually red in colour and ground wire is in green colour, NORMALLY.

The two methods of producing the magnetic field are:

1) Passing the current through any conductor.

2) The permanent magnet also produces the magnetic field around it.

A solenoid is the long coil of a circular loop of any conductor. the magnetic field lines inside the solenoid are parallel to each other just like in permanent magnet.

The magnetic field lines outside the solenoid are also similar to that of the permanent magnet. and hence we can assume the end from where the field lines are emerging as North pole and the en where field lines are merging as South pole.

When we bring a North pole of a bar magnet towards one side of the solenoid and if it repels the side of solenoid is North and if it attracts then the side of solenoid is South. The polarity of another side will be opposite.

In the current-carrying conductor, the force experienced will be maximum when the direction of current in the conductor is perpendicular to the magnetic field.

Suppose you are leaning towards the back wall then the electron beam is moving away from your eyes which means the direction of current is towards you (direction of current is taken opposite to the flow of electrons) and the deflection is to the right. Then by Fleming's left-hand rule, the field is in the downward direction.

A simple Electric Motor :

An electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

Principle: It works on the principle of the magnetic effect of the current. when a current-carrying conductor is placed in the magnetic field, it experiences a force and starts moving.

Working :

An electric motor, as shown is, consists of a rectangular coil ABCD of insulated copper wire. The coil is placed between the two poles of a magnetic field such that the arm AB and CD are perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field. The ends of the coil are connected to the two halves P and Q of a split ring. The inner sides of these halves are insulated and attached to an axle. The external conducting edges of P and Q touch two conducting stationary brushes X and Y, respectively.

Current in the coil ABCD enters from the source battery through conducting brush X and flows back to the battery through brush Y. Notice that the current in arm AB of the coil flows from A to B. In arm CD it flows from C to D, that is, opposite to the direction of current through arm AB. On applying Fleming’s left-hand rule for the direction of the force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field (see Fig. 13.13). We find that the force acting on arm AB pushes it downwards while the force acting on arm CD pushes it upwards. Thus the coil and the axle O mounted free to turn about an axis, rotate anti-clockwise. At half rotation, Q makes contact with the brush X and P with brush Y. Therefore the current in the coil gets reversed and flows along the path DCBA. A device that reverses the direction of flow of current through a circuit is called a commutator. In electric motors, the split ring acts as a commutator. The reversal of current also reverses the direction of force acting on the two arms AB and CD. Thus the arm AB of the coil that was earlier pushed down is now pushed up and the arm CD previously pushed up is now pushed down. Therefore the coil and the axle rotate half a turn more in the same direction. The reversing of the current is repeated at each half rotation, giving rise to a continuous rotation of the coil and to the axle.

The split ring helps in reversing the direction of current in the armature so that it rotates continuously in one direction.

We use electric motors in many devices like fan, pumps, grinders, washing machine, vehicles and many more.

(i) pushed into the coil

(ii) withdrawn from inside the coil

(iii) held stationary inside the coil?

(i) When a bar magnet is pushed into the coil, there is a relative motion between the magnetic field and the coil hence a current will get induced which will deflect the galvanometer. when the bar magnet is inside the coil and not moving, the flux won't change so the galvanometer won't show deflection. And hence Overall galvanometer will deflect momentarily.

(ii) When the bar magnet is being removed, the flux through the coil will change which results in inducing the current and deflecting the galvanometer. after bar magnet is completely removed and is at a sufficiently large distance for its magnetic field to affect the coil, there won't be any flux change in the coil and hence no current will be induced. and hence overall the galvanometer will deflect momentarily.

(iii) If a bar magnet is held stationary inside the coil, the flux through the coil is not changing with time and hence there won't be any induced current. therefore the galvanometer won't show any deflection.

When the two circular coils A and B are placed closed to each other and current in the coil A is changed, the magnetic field coil A is producing will change which leads to inducing the current in coil B.

(i) magnetic field produced around a straight a conductor-carrying current,

To find the magnetic field produced around a straight conductor carrying current, we use Maxwell's Right-Hand thumb rule.

According to this rule, imagine that you are holding a current-carrying wire in your right hand so that the thumb points in the direction of the current, then the direction in which the fingers wrap the wire will represent the direction of magnetic lines of force.

(ii) force experienced by a current-carrying straight conductor placed in a magnetic field which is perpendicular to it,

To find the force experienced by a current-carrying straight conductor placed in a magnetic field which is perpendicular to it, we use Fleming's, Left-Hand Rule.

it states that if the first three fingers of the left hand are held mutually at right angles to each other and if the index finger indicates the direction of original field, and if the middle finger indicates the direction of current flowing through the conductor, then the thumb indicates the direction of force exerted on the conductor.

(iii) current induced in a coil due to its rotation in a magnetic field.

To find the current induced in a coil due to its rotation in a magnetic field, we use Fleming's Right-hand rule.

it states that the direction of induced current (indicated by Middle Finger) is perpendicular to both the direction of the magnetic field from North pole to South pole (indicated by Index Finger) and the direction of movement or motion (indicated by Thumb).

The Electric Generator:

An electric generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Principle: It works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. whenever there is a change in the flux through any coil, there would be the induction of current.

Working:

An electric generator, as shown is consists of a rotating rectangular coil ABCD placed between the poles of a permanent magnet. The two ends of this coil are connected to the two rings R1 and R2. The inner side of the ring is made insulated. The two conducting stationary brushes B1 and B2 are kept pressed separately on the rings R1 and R2, respectively. The two rings R1 and R2 are internally attached to an axle. The axle may be mechanically rotated from outside to rotate the coil inside the magnetic field. Outer ends of the two brushes are connected to the galvanometer to show the direction of flow of current in the external circuit. When the axle attached to the two rings is rotated such that the arm AB moves up (and the arm CD moves down) in the magnetic field produced by the permanent magnet. Let us say the coil ABCD is rotated clockwise in the arrangement shown. By applying Fleming’s right-hand rule, the induced currents are set up in these arms along the directions AB and CD. Thus an induced current flows in the direction ABCD.  This means that the current in the external circuit flows from B2 to B1. After half a rotation, arm CD starts moving up and AB moving down. As a result, the directions of the induced currents in both the arms change, giving rise to the net induced current in the direction DCBA. The current in the external circuit now flows from B1 to B2. Thus after every half rotation the polarity of the current in the respective arms changes. Such a current, which changes direction periodically, is called alternating current (AC). This device is called an AC generator.

To get a direct current (DC, which does not change its direction with time), a split-ring type commutator must be used. With this arrangement, one brush is at all times in contact with the arm moving up in the field, while the other is in contact with the arm moving down

The function of Brushes: Brushes helps in transferring the current from inside the generator to the external circuit.

The short circuit happens when the positive voltage point of the wire comes in contact with the negative voltage point in the wire. As the resistance of wires is very small a very high current flows through the circuit which can potentially damage the circuit. this phenomenon is called a short circuit.

When neutral wire and live wire comes in contact, short circuit happens.

Also, when we connect too many appliances in a single circuit, the resistance of the circuit can get very small up to the point of the possibility of having a short circuit.

The main function of the earth wire is to prevent the live wire from overloading and absorbs the excess electrons & flows to beneath the ground. It is necessary because it prevents electrical appliances from getting damaged and absorbs the excess electricity from appliances.

in other words, whenever we have a connection to the ground the leakage current or the overload current can be transferred to the ground directly and the events of shock can be prevented in which the current passes through the body of the person touching the metallic appliances.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science - Chapter wise

 Chapter No. Chapter Name Chapter 1 NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations Chapter 2 CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and Salts Chapter 3 Solutions for NCERT class 10 science chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals Chapter 4 NCERT free solutions for class 10 science chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds Chapter 5 NCERT free solutions for class 10 science chapter 5 Periodic Classification of Elements Chapter 6 CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 6 Life Processes Chapter 7 NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 7 Control and Coordination Chapter 8 NCERT free solutions for class 10 science chapter 8 How do Organisms Reproduce? Chapter 9 NCERT textbook solutions for class 10 science chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution Chapter 10 Solutions of NCERT class 10 science chapter 10 Light Reflection and Refraction Chapter 11 NCERT free solutions for class 10 science chapter 11 The Human Eye and The Colorful World Chapter 12 Solutions for CBSE NCERT class 10 science chapter 12 Electricity Chapter 13 NCERT free solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current Chapter 14 CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 14 Sources of Energy Chapter 15 NCERT textbook solutions for class 10 science chapter 15 Our Environment Chapter 16 Solutions for NCERT class 10 science chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

## Why you should use NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current?

• As all the solutions are provided by experts, so it will help you to boost your knowledge.
• The NCERT solutions will give you a better understanding of every concept.
• The language of the solutions is easy.
• NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current will help you to understand the concepts of the chapter.
• They are easily available and are free of cost.