NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

 

NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers - This article covers solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers. You are going to study the chemistry of three classes of compounds which are alcohols, phenols and ethers and also this chapter will discuss the reactions involved in the preparation of alcohols, phenols and ethersAlcohols are formed when a hydrogen atom in an aliphatic hydrocarbon is replaced by -OH group and Phenols are formed when a hydrogen atom in an aromatic hydrocarbon is replaced by –OH group while Ethers are formed by the substitution of a H-atom in a hydrocarbon by an alkoxy(R-O) or by an aryloxy(Ar-O) group. CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers has answers to a total of 12 topic wise questions and 33 questions in the exercise. In CBSE boards exam, the weightage of this chapter is 4 marks hence it is recommended to solve all the exercises of the book to get good marks. You will find all the solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers here free of cost.

The NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers are prepared by chemistry subject experts. These NCERT solutions help students in their preparation of the CBSE Board exam and in the competitive exams like JEE Mains, NEET etc. NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers start with the IUPAC nomenclature of alcohols, phenols and ethers followed by the topics:- reactions involved in the preparation of alcohols from aldehydes, ketones, alkenes and carboxylic acids and discuss reactions involved in the preparation of phenols from benzene sulphonic acids, haloarenes,cumene and diazonium salts and also discuss reactions involved in the preparation of ethers from alcohols and alkyl halides. Scroll down to get solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers.

Alcohols are the basic compound for the formation of detergents, phenols are the basic compound for the formation of antiseptics and ethers is the basic compound for the formation of fragrances.

Topics and Sub-topics of NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers-

11.1 Classification

11.2 Nomenclature

11.3 Structures of Functional Groups

11.4 Alcohols and Phenols

11.5 Some Commercially Important Alcohols

11.6 Ethers

Find NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers below:

Solutions to In-Text Questions Ex 11.1  to 11.12

Question 11. 1 (1) Classify the following as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols:  

        

Answer:

To classify we look at the OH bonded carbon.

Here, only 1 carbon is attached to it, hence it is primary alcohol.

 

Question 11.1 (2)  Classify the following as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols: 

    

Answer:

To classify we look at the OH bonded carbon.

Here, only 1 carbon is attached to it, hence it is primary alcohol.

 

Question  11.1 (3)  Classify the following as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols:  

             CH_3 -CH_2- CH_2 -OH

Answer:

To classify we look at the OH bonded carbon.

Here, only 1 carbon is attached to it, hence it is primary alcohol.

 

Question  11.1 (4)  Classify the following as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols:

             

Answer:

To classify we look at the OH bonded carbon.

Here, 2 carbons are attached to it, hence it is secondary alcohol.

 

Question  11.1 (5)  Classify the following as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols:

            

Answer:

To classify we look at the OH bonded carbon.

Here, 2 carbons are attached to it, hence it is secondary alcohol.

 

Question 11.1 (6) Classify  the  following as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols:

 

Answer:

To classify we look at the OH bonded carbon.

Here, 3 carbons are attached to it, hence it is tertiary alcohol.

 

Question 11.2  Identify allylic alcohols in the above examples.

Answer:

The alcohols (ii) and (vi) are allylic alcohols. Because -C=C-C-OH is the skeleton of allylic alcohol.

 

Question 11.3 (1)   Name the following compounds according to IUPAC system.

             

Answer:

3-Chloromethyl-2-isopropylpentan-1-ol

 

Question  11.3 (2)  Name the following compounds according to IUPAC system.

               

Answer:

 2, 5-Dimethylhexane-1, 3-diol

 

Question 11.3 (3)  Name the following compounds according to IUPAC system. 

              

Answer:

3-Bromocyclohexanol

 

Question  11.3 (5)  Name the following compounds according to IUPAC system.

              

Answer:

 2-Bromo-3-methylbut-2-en-1-ol

 

Question 11.4 (1)  Show how are the following alcohols prepared by the reaction of a suitable Grignard reagent on methanal ?

                

Answer:

The reaction of a suitable Grignard reagent on the methanal is mentioned below:

 

Question 11.5 (2) Write structures of the products of the following reactions: 

 

Answer:

Product of the given reaction is-

 

Question  11.5 (3)  Write structures of the products of the following reactions:  

Answer:

Product of the given reaction is

 

Question 11.6 (1)  Give structures of the products you would expect when each of the following alcohol reacts with

(a)HCL- ZnCl_2   with Butan-1-ol

Answer:

Primary alcohols do no react with Lucas’ reagent.

Hence no reaction.

 

Question 11.7(1)  Predict the major product of acid catalysed dehydration of 1-methylcyclohexanol

Answer:

Dehydration of 1-methylcyclohexanol

1-Methylcyclohexene is the major product.

 

Question 11.7 (2)  Predict the major product of acid catalysed dehydration of  butan-1-ol

Answer:

Dehydration of  butan-1-ol

But-2-ene is the major product.

 

Question 11.8  Ortho and para nitrophenols are more acidic than phenol. Draw the resonance structures of the corresponding phenoxide ions.

Answer:

Resonance structure of ortho-nitrophenol

Resonance structure of para-nitrophenol

 

Question 11.9 (1)  Write the equations involved in the following reactions: Reimer - Tiemann reaction

Answer:

Reimer - Tiemann reaction

 

Question 11.9 (2)  Write the equations involved in the following reactions:  Kolbe’s reaction

Answer:

 Kolbe’s reaction

 

Question 11.10  Write the reactions of Williamson synthesis of 2-ethoxy-3-methylpentane starting from ethanol and 3-methylpentan-2-ol.

Answer:

1.Reaction of ethanol with hydrogen bromide.

2. Reaction of 3-methylpentan-2-ol with sodium

3. Reaction of product formed in 1st and reaction with the product formed in the 2nd reaction.

 

Question  11.11  Which of the following is an appropriate set of reactants for the preparation of 1-methoxy-4-nitrobenzene and why?

          

Answer:

(ii) is appropriate because CH_3Br  is nucleophile whereasCH_3ONa is also a strong base. So elimination will be dominating in (i).

 

Question  11.12 (2)  Predict the products of the following reactions:

              

Answer:

The reaction between ethoxybenzene and HBr is

 

Question 11.12 (3) Predict the products of the following reactions: 

           

Answer:

Reaction between ethoxybenzene and Conc. \:H_{2}SO_{4} \:+\:conc. HNO_{3}

Question 11.12 (4)  Predict the products of the following reactions: 

                

Answer:

 Reaction between ter-butyl ethyl ether and HI

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers - Exercise Questions

Question 11.1 (1)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

      

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 2,2,4-Trimethylpentan-3-ol

 

Question 11.1 (2)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

         

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 5-Ethylheptane-2,4-diol

 

Question 11.1 (3)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

        

Answer:

  IUPAC name of the given compound is Butane-2,3-diol

 

Question 11.1 (4)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds: 

           

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is  Propane-1,2,3-triol

 

Question 11.1 (5)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

              

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 2-Methylphenol

 

Question 11.1 (6)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

            

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 4-Methylphenol

Note : Also called p-cresol

 

Question 11.1 (7)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds: 

             

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 2,5-Dimethylphenol

Question 11.1 (8) Write IUPAC names of the following compounds: 

            

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 2,6-Dimethylphenol

 

Question 11.1 (9)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds: 

            

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 1-Methoxy-2-methylpropane

 

Question 11.1 (10)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

            

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is Ethoxybenzene

 

Question 11.1 (11)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

             

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 1-Phenoxyheptane

 

Question 11.1 (12)  Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:

     

Answer:

IUPAC name of the given compound is 2-Ethoxybutane

 

Question 11.2 Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
 (i) 2-Methylbutan-2-ol

Answer:

Structure of  2-Methylbutan-2-ol

 

Question 11.2(iii) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows: (iii) 3,5-Dimethylhexane –1, 3, 5-triol

Answer:

structure of 3,5-Dimethylhexane –1, 3, 5-triol

 

Question 11.2(iv) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows: (iv) 2,3 – Diethylphenol

Answer:

structure  of 2,3 – Diethylphenol

 

Question 11.2(v) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
(v) 1 – Ethoxypropane

Answer:

structure  of 1 – Ethoxypropane

 

Question 11.2(vi) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
 (vi) 2-Ethoxy-3-methylpentane

Answer:

structure of 2-Ethoxy-3-methylpentane

 

Question 11.2(vii) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
(vii) Cyclohexylmethanol

Answer:

Structure of Cyclohexylmethanol

 

Question 11.2(viii) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
(viii) 3-Cyclohexylpentan-3-ol

Answer:

The structure of 3-Cyclohexylpentan-3-ol is as follows:

 

Question 11.2(ix) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
(ix) Cyclopent-3-en-1-ol

Answer:

structure of Cyclopent-3-en-1-ol

 

Question 11.2(x) Write structures of the compounds whose IUPAC names are as follows:
 (x) 4-Chloro-3-ethylbutan-1-ol.

Answer:

structure of 4-Chloro-3-ethylbutan-1-ol

Question 11.3 (i)  Draw the structures of all isomeric alcohols of molecular formula C_5 H_{12}O
              and give their IUPAC names. 

Answer:

The structures of all isomeric alcohols of C5H12O are given below:

Pentan-1-ol

Pentan-2-ol

   

Pentan-3-ol

3-Methylbutan-1-ol

3-Methylbutan-1-ol

       

2,2-Dimethylpropan-1-ol

         

3-Methylbutan-2-ol

2-Methylbutan-2-ol

 

Question 11.3 (ii)  Classify the isomers of alcohols in question 11.3 (i) as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols.

Answer:

Primary Alcohol:  Pentan-1-ol; 2-Methylbutan-1-ol; 3-Methylbutan-1-ol; 2,2-Dimethylpropan-1-ol

Secondary Alcohol: Pentan-2-ol; 3-Methylbutan-2-ol; Pentan-3-ol

Tertiary Alcohol:  2-Methylbutan-2-ol

 

Question 11.4  Explain why propanol has higher boiling point than that of the hydrocarbon, butane?

Answer:

Propanol forms intermolecular H-bonds because of the presence of -OH group while butane cannot. To break these bonds, extra energy will be required. This causes a higher boiling point for propanol as compared to butane.

 

Question 11.5  Alcohols are comparatively more soluble in water than hydrocarbons of comparable molecular masses. Explain this fact.

Answer:

Alcohols form hydrogen bonds with water due to the presence of –OH group whereas hydrocarbons cannot. Due to this inter molecular hydrogen bonding, alcohols are more soluble in water.

 

Question 11.6  What is meant by hydroboration-oxidation reaction? Illustrate it with an example.

Answer:

Hydroboration-oxidation reaction also called HBO reaction is the addition of borane followed by oxidation to produce alcohol.

Eg: Hydroboration-oxidation reaction of propene. In this reaction, propene reacts with diborane (BH3)2 to form trialkyl borane. This addition product is oxidized by hydrogen peroxide in the presence of aqueous sodium hydroxide to form propan-1-ol.

 

Question 11.7  Give the structures and IUPAC names of monohydric phenols of molecular formula, C_7 H_8 O.

Answer:

The structures and IUPAC names of monohydric phenols of molecular formula, C_7 H_8 O.

Phenol: C_6 H_5 OH

C_7 H_8 O \rightarrow (C_6 H_5 OH)(C H_2)

 

Question 11.8  While separating a mixture of ortho and para nitrophenols by steam distillation, name the isomer which will be steam volatile. Give reason.

Answer:

Due to inter-molecular H bonding in para-nitrophenol, it gets tightly bonded with water. But ortho nitrophenol has intra-molecular H bonding and hence is steam volatile.

 

Question 11.9  Give the equations of reactions for the preparation of phenol from cumene.

Answer:

Cumene (isopropylbenzene) is oxidised in the presence of air to form cumene hydroperoxide. On treating with dilute acid it is converted to phenol and acetone. 

 

Question 11.10 Write chemical reaction for the preparation of phenol from chlorobenzene.

Answer:

Chlorobenzene, when fused with NaOH, produces sodium phenoxide which on acidification produces Phenol.

 

Question 11.11  Write the mechanism of hydration of ethene to yield ethanol.

Answer:

Ethanol is yielded from ethene by acid catalysed hydration.

The mechanism:

Step 1. Protonation of alkene to form carbocation by electrophilic attack of hydronium ion.

 

Step 2. Nucleophilic attack of water on carbocation.

Step 3. Deprotonation to form an alcohol.

 

Question 11.12  You are given benzene, conc. H_2SO_4 and NaOH. Write the equations for the preparation of phenol using these reagents.

Answer:

When benzene reacts with conc. \:H_2SO_4  and heat it gives benzene sulphonic acid ,and after sulphonic this acid  with NaOH then it gives phenol

 

Question 11.13   Show how will you synthesise:
               (i) 1-phenylethanol from a suitable alkene.

Answer:

Styrene on acid catalysed hydration gives 1-phenylethanol.

 

Question 11.13 (2)  Show how will you synthesise:
              (ii) cyclohexylmethanol using an alkyl halide by an SN2 reaction.

Answer:

On adding NaOH to chloromethylcyclohexane, cyclohexy methanol is formed.

 

Question 11.13 Show how will you synthesise:
(iii) pentan-1-ol using a suitable alkyl halide?

Answer:

when 1-chloropentane reacts with NaOH it gives pantan-1-ol

Question 11.14  Give two reactions that show the acidic nature of phenol. Compare acidity of phenol with that of ethanol.

Answer:

1. Phenol reacts with sodium to give sodium phenoxide, liberating hydrogen gas.

2. Phenol reacts with sodium hydroxide to give sodium phenoxide and water.

Phenol is more acidic than ethanol. This is because phenol after losing a proton becomes phenoxide ion which is highly stable due to resonance whereas ethoxide ion does not.

 

Question 11.15  Explain why is ortho nitrophenol more acidic than ortho methoxyphenol ?

Answer:

Ortho-nitrophenol is more acidic than ortho-methoxyphenol. The presence of the nitro group, which is an electron withdrawing group, at the ortho position decreases the electron density in the O-H bond. Also, the o-nitrophenoxide ion formed after the loss of protons is stabile due to resonance. Hence, ortho nitrophenol is a stronger acid. Whereas the methoxy group is an electron-releasing group. Thus, it increases the electron density in the O-H bond.

 

Question 11.16   Explain how does the –OH group attached to a carbon of benzene ring activate it towards electrophilic substitution?

Answer:

The -OH group is an electron-donating group (EDG). Thus, it increases the electron density in the benzene ring in the resonance structure of phenol. As a result, the benzene ring is activated towards electrophilic substitution.

 

Question 11.17(i)   Give equations of the following reactions:
             (i) Oxidation of propan-1-ol with alkaline KMnO_4 solution.

Answer:

Oxidation of propane-1-ol with alkaline KMnO_4 solution gives propanoic acid.

\\CH_3CH_2CH_2OH \rightarrow CH_3CH_2COOH\\propane-1-ol\:\:\:\:\:\:\:\:propanoic \:acid

 

Question 11.17(ii)  Give equations of the following reactions:

(ii) Bromine inCS_2 with phenol.

Answer:

Bromine in CS_2  with phenol produces a mixture of o-bromo phenol and p-bromo phenol is formed.

 

Question 11.17(iii)  Give equations of the following reactions:

(iii) Dilute HNO3 with phenol.

Answer:

When dilute HNO3 reacts with phenol it gives o-bromo phenol and p-bromo phenol

 

Question 11.17(iv)  Give equations of the following reactions:
              (iv) Treating phenol with chloroform in presence of aqueous NaOH.

Answer:

Treating phenol with chloroform in presence of aqueous NaOH.

This reaction is known as the Reimer-Tiemann reaction.

 

Question 11.18(i)   Explain the following with an example.
               (i) Kolbe’s reaction.

Answer:

Kolbe’s reaction:  Phenol with carbon dioxide under pressure followed by treating the product with sulphuric acid produces Ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid (salicylic acid). Phenoxide ion generated is more reactive than phenol towards electrophilic aromatic substitution. Hence, it undergoes electrophilic substitution with carbon dioxide, a weak electrophile.


 

Question 11.18(ii)   Explain the following with an example.
                (ii) Reimer-Tiemann reaction.

Answer:

On treating phenol with chloroform in the presence of sodium hydroxide, a –CHO group is introduced at the ortho position of the benzene ring. This reaction is known as Reimer - Tiemann reaction

Question 11.18(iii) Explain the following with an example.  (iii) Williamson ether synthesis.

Answer:

Williamson ether synthesis is a reaction forming ether from a primary alkyl halide via SN2 reaction.

 

Question 11.18(iv) Explain the following with an example.(iv) Unsymmetrical ether.

Answer:

If the alkyl or aryl groups attached to the oxygen atom are different, then it is mixed or unsymmetrical ether.

Eg: C_2H_5-O-CH_3\ and\ C_2H_5-O-C_6H_5

 

Question 11.19. Write the mechanism of acid dehydration of ethanol to yield ethene.

Answer:

Alcohols undergo dehydration (removal of a molecule of water) to form alkenes on treating with a protic acid. Ethanol undergoes dehydration by heating it with concentrated sulphuric acid at 443 K.

 

Question 11.20(i) How are the following conversions carried out?
(i) Propene \rightarrow  Propan-2-ol.

Answer:

Acid catalysed hydration of propene produces propan-2-ol.

 

Question 11.20(ii) How are the following conversions carried out?
(ii) Benzyl chloride  \rightarrow Benzyl alcohol.

Answer:

Benzyl chloride treated with NaOH followed by acidification produces benzyl alcohol.

 

Question 11.20(iii) How are the following conversions carried out?
(iii) Ethyl magnesium chloride \rightarrow Propan-1-ol.

Answer:

Ethyl magnesium chloride treated with formaldehyde followed by hydrolysis produces propan-1-ol.

 

Question 11.20(iv) How are the following conversions carried out?
(iv) Methyl magnesium bromide \rightarrow 2-Methylpropan-2-ol.

Answer:

Methyl magnesium bromide treated with propane, gives 2-methylpropane-2-ol on hydrolysis.

 

Question 11.21(i) Name the reagents used in the following reactions:
(i) Oxidation of a primary alcohol to carboxylic acid.

Answer:

Acidic/neutral/alkaline potassium permanganate (KMnO_4) or acidified K_2Cr_2O_7

 

Question 11.21(ii) Name the reagents used in the following reactions:
(ii) Oxidation of a primary alcohol to aldehyde.

Answer:

The reagent used for oxidation of primary alcohol to aldehyde is Pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC).

 

Question 11.21(iii) Name the reagents used in the following reactions:
(iii) Bromination of phenol to 2,4,6-tribromophenol.

Answer:

Reagents used in the bromination of phenol to 2,4,6-tribromophenol is Bromine water

 

Question 11.21(iv) Name the reagents used in the following reactions:  

         (iv) Benzyl alcohol to benzoic acid.

Answer:

Reagent used in the benzyl alcohol to benzoic acid isAcidified KMnO_4  (potassium permanganate)

 

Question 11.21(v) Name the reagents used in the following reactions:
          (v) Dehydration of propan-2-ol to propene.

Answer:

Reagents used in the dehydration of propan-2-ol to propene is Concentrated Phosphoric acid.

 

Question 11.21(vi) Name the reagents used in the following reactions:
(vi) Butan-2-one to butan-2-ol.

Answer:

Reagent used in the butan-2-one to butan-2-ol is LiAlH_4\ or\ NaBH_4

 

Question 11.22  Give reason for the higher boiling point of ethanol in comparison to methoxymethane.

Answer:

Ethanol undergoes intermolecular hydrogen bonding due to the presence of -OH group. Therefore, extra energy is required to break those hydrogen bonds. Whereas methoxymethane does not make H-bonds and hence ethanol has a higher boiling point than methoxymethane.

 

Question 11.23(i) Give IUPAC names of the following ethers:

       

Answer:

IUPAC names of the given ether is 1-Ethoxy-2-methylpropane

 

Question 11.23(ii) Give IUPAC names of the following ethers: 

Answer:

IUPAC names of the given ether is 2-Chloro-1-methoxyethane

 

Question 11.23(iii) Give IUPAC names of the following ethers:

 

Answer:

IUPAC names of the given ether is 4-Nitroanisole

 

Question 11.23(iv) Give IUPAC names of the following ethers:  

Answer:

IUPAC names of the given ether is 1-Methoxypropane

 

Question 11.23(v) Give IUPAC names of the following ethers:  

Answer:

IUPAC names of the given ether is 4-Ethoxy-1, 1-dimethylcyclohexane

 

Question 11.23(vi) Give IUPAC names of the following ethers:

Answer:

IUPAC names of the given ether is Ethoxybenzene

 

Question 11.24(i)   Write the names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the following ethers by Williamson’s synthesis:
(i) 1-Propoxypropane

Answer:

Names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the 1-Propoxypropane ether by Williamson’s synthesis:-

 

Question 11.24(ii)  Write the names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the following ethers by Williamson’s synthesis:
(ii) Ethoxybenzene

Answer:

Names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the Ethoxybenzene ether by Williamson’s synthesis:-

 with NaBr as side product.

 

Question 11.24(iii)  Write the names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the following ethers by Williamson’s synthesis:
(iii) 2-Methoxy-2-methylpropane

Answer:

Names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the2-Methoxy-2-methylpropane ether by Williamson’s synthesis:-

 

Question 11.24(iv) Write the names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the following ethers by Williamson’s synthesis:  (iv) 1-Methoxyethane

Answer:

Names of reagents and equations for the preparation of the1-Methoxyethane ether by Williamson’s synthesis:-

 

Question 11.25  Illustrate with examples the limitations of Williamson synthesis for the preparation of certain types of ethers.

Answer:

Williamson synthesis involves S_N2 attack by alkoxide ion on a primary alkyl halide. But if secondary or tertiary alkyl halides are taken then alkenes would be produced because elimination would take place. This is because alkoxides are nucleophiles as well as strong bases. 

 

Question 11.26  How is 1-propoxypropane synthesised from propan-1-ol? Write mechanism of this reaction.

Answer:

Propan-1-ol on dehydration using protic acids such as sulphuric acid gives 1-propoxypropane.

Mechanism of this reaction:

Formation of protonated alcohol.

Formation of carbocation: It is the slowest step and hence, the rate determining step of the reaction.

Formation of ethene by the elimination of a proton.

 

 

Question 11.27   Preparation of ethers by acid dehydration of secondary or tertiary alcohols is not a suitable method. Give reason.

Answer:

The formation of ethers by dehydration of a primary alcohol is an SN2 reaction. In case of secondary or tertiary alcohols, the alkyl group is hindered and hence elimination dominates substitution. Therefore alkenes are formed in place of ethers.

 

Question 11.28(i)  Write the equation of the reaction of hydrogen iodide with:
(i) 1-propoxypropane

Answer:

1-propoxypropane reacts with HI to give propan-1-ol and 1-iodopropane as the products.

 

Question 11.28(ii) Write the equation of the reaction of hydrogen iodide with: (ii) methoxybenzene

Answer:

Methoxybenzene reacts with HI to give phenol and iodomethane.

 

Question 11.28(iii)  Write the equation of the reaction of hydrogen iodide with: (iii) benzyl ethyl ether.

Answer:

Benzyl ethyl ether reacts with HI to give benzyl iodide and ethanol.


 

Question 11.29(i) Explain the fact that in aryl alkyl ethers (i) the alkoxy group activates the benzene ring towards electrophilic substitution

Answer:

Due to the +R effect of the alkoxy group, it increases the electron density of the benzene ring pushing electrons into the ring making the benzene ring activated towards electrophilic substitution reactions.

 

Question 11.29(ii)  Explain the fact that in aryl alkyl ethers  (ii) it directs the incoming substituents to ortho and para positions in benzene ring.

Answer:

The above resonating structures shows that the electron density increases more at the ortho and para positions as compared to the meta positions. Hence, the alkoxy group directs the incoming substituents to ortho and para positions in the benzene ring.

 

Question 11.30. Write the mechanism of the reaction of HI with methoxymethane.

Answer:

Following is the mechanism:

1. Protonation of methoxymethane

2. Nucleophilic attack of I^-

3. If HI is in excess, then methanol formed in step 2 reacts with another HI molecule and gets converted to methyl iodide at a high temperature.

 

Question 11.31(ii)  Write equations of the following reactions: (ii) Nitration of anisole.

Answer:

Nitration of anisole:

 

Question 11.31(iii) Write equations of the following reactions:  (iii) Bromination of anisole in ethanoic acid medium.

Answer:

Bromination of anisole in ethanoic acid medium:

 

Question 11.31(iv) Write equations of the following reactions:  (iv) Friedel-Craft’s acetylation of anisole.

Answer:

Friedel-Craft’s acetylation of anisole:

 

Question 11.32   Show how would you synthesise the following alcohols from appropriate alkenes?

  

Answer:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

 

Question 11.33  When 3-methylbutan-2-ol is treated with HBr, the following reaction takes
          place:

         
        Give a mechanism for this reaction.
        (Hint : The secondary carbocation formed in step II rearranges to a more stable tertiary carbocation by a hydride ion shift from 3rd carbon atom.

Answer:

Mechanism for the  reaction  3-methylbutan-2-ol is treated with HBr

 

NCERT Solutions Class 12 Chemistry

Chapter 1

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chapter 1 The Solid State

Chapter 2

NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 2 Solutions

Chapter 3

Solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 3 Electrochemistry

Chapter 4

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics

Chapter 5

Solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 5 Surface chemistry

Chapter 6

NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry General Principles and Processes of isolation of elements

Chapter 7

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 7 The P-block elements

Chapter 8

Solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 8 The d and f block elements

Chapter 9

NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 9 Coordination compounds

Chapter 10

Solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Chapter 11

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Chapter 12

Solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Chapter 13

NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 13 Amines

Chapter 14

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 14 Biomolecules

Chapter 15

Solutions of NCERT class 12 chemistry chapter 15 Polymers

Chapter 16

NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday life

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Subject wise

Solutions of NCERT class 12 biology

NCERT solutions for class 12 maths

CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry

Solutions of NCERT class 12 physics

Benefits of NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • The answers presented in a comprehensive manner in the NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers will help in understanding chapter easily.

  • It will be easy to revise because the detailed solutions will help you to remember the concepts and fetch you good marks.

  • Homework problems won't bother you anymore, all you need to do is check the detailed NCERT solutions for class 12 chemistry chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers and you are good to go.

If you have a doubt or question that is not available here or in any of the chapters, contact us. You will get all the answers that will help you score well in your exams. 

 

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