NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

 

Let us start reading the preparation article Regarding CBSE 12 Class

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

This chapter is very important for class 12 students because this chapter carries 6 marks out of 70 in the CBSE Board exam. This chapters deals with aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids compounds, their IUPAC names, physical properties and chemical reactions. In this chapter, there are 20 questions in the exercise. The NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids to help students in their preparation of CBSE board exams and competitive exams like JEE Mains, NEET, BITSAT, etc.

In the previous chapter, we have studies organic compounds containing carbon-oxygen single bond functional groups. In NCERT Class 12 Chemistry chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, we will learn the organic compounds containing carbon-oxygen double bond (>C=O) called carbonyl group.  In the organic chemistry carbonyl group (>C=O) is one of the most important functional groups. After completing the class 12 chemistry unit 12 aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids students will be able to write the IUPAC names of ketones, aldehydes and carboxylic acid, able to write the their structures and describe important reactions of these three classes of compounds and their important methods of preparation and correlate their structures with their physical and chemical properties.

In aldehydes, the carbonyl functional group(>C=O) is bonded to a carbon and hydrogen atom, while in the ketones, the carbonyl group is bounded to two carbon atoms. In the carboxylic acid, carbon of carbonyl group(>C=O) is bounded to hydrogen or carbon and oxygen of hydroxyl moiety(-OH), while in amides carbon is attached to hydrogen or carbon and nitrogen of moiety-NH_{2}and in acyl halides, carbon is attached to hydrogen or carbon and to halogens. Following are the basic structures of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic Acids, acyl halide and amide.

 

                                   Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Topics and Sub-topics of NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids-

12.1 Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group

12.2 Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones

12.3 Physical Properties36512.4Chemical Reactions

12.5 Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones

12.6 Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group

12.7 Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids

12.8 Physical Properties

12.9 Chemical Reactions

12.10 Uses of Carboxylic Acids

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids: Exercise Questions

Q-12.1 What is meant by the following terms? Give an example of the reaction in each case. (i) Cyanohydrin

View all the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids here.

NCERT Solutions Class 12 – Chemistry

Chapter 1

The Solid State

Chapter 2

Solutions

Chapter 3

Electrochemistry

Chapter 4

Chemical Kinetics

Chapter 5

Surface Chemistry

Chapter 6

General Principles and Processes of isolation of elements

Chapter 7

The P-block elements

Chapter 8

The d and f block elements

Chapter 9

Coordination compounds

Chapter 10

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Chapter 11

Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

Chapter 13

Amines

Chapter 14

Biomolecules

Chapter 15

Polymers

Chapter 16

Chemistry in Everyday life

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 12- Subject wise

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

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