NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 12 Linear Programming: We often come across problems where we seek to maximize profit or minimize cost. NCERT solutions for class 12 maths chapter 12 linear programming is helpful to find the most optimal solution for such problems. In the solutions of NCERT for class 12 maths chapter 12 linear programming you will learn to formulate these real-life problems into a mathematical model. In class 11th you have already learnt linear inequalities and their solutions by the graphical method and systems of linear equations and their applications in daily life problems. In this chapter, you are going to deal with problems on linear programming like maximization and minimization of equations, mathematical and graphical methods to solve problems of linear programming. In solutions of NCERT for class 12 maths chapter 12 linear programming article, questions from all these topics are covered. Check all NCERT solutions from class 6 to 12 at a single place, which will help you get a better understanding of concepts in a much easy way.
Generally, one question( 5 marks) from this chapter is asked in the 12th board final examination. In this chapter, there are 2 exercises with 21 questions. In this article, you will find NCERT solutions for class 12 maths chapter 12 linear programming which are prepared and explained in a detailed manner. It will help you to score well in the board exam as well as in the competitive exams.
Let's take an NCERT problem - A furniture dealer deals in only two items–chairs and tables. Has storage space of at most 60 pieces and He has Rs 50,000 to invest. A chair costs Rs 500 and A table costs Rs 2500. He estimates that from the sale of one chair, he can make a profit of Rs 75 and that from the sale of one table a profit of Rs 250. He wants to know how many chairs and tables he should buy from the available money so as to maximize his total profit, assuming that he can sell all the items which he buys.
That type of problem which involves- minimize profit or maximize cost is called optimization problems. Linear programming problems are a very important class of optimization problems. The above-stated problem is an example of linear programming. This chapter is an important chapter because of its wide applicability in industry, management science, commerce, etc. In this chapter, you will learn mathematical and graphical methods to solve problems of linear programming.
12.2 Linear Programming Problem and its Mathematical Formulation
12.2.1 Mathematical formulation of the problem
12.2.2 Graphical method of solving linear programming problems
12.3 Different Types of Linear Programming Problems