NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 Reproductive Health


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 - Reproductive Health: What do you understand by the term Reproductive Health? It’s simple, this means healthy reproductive organs with normal functions. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), reproductive health means total well-being in all aspects of reproduction, i.e., physical, emotional, behavioral and social. Therefore, a society with people having physically and functionally normal reproductive organs and normal emotional and behavioral interactions among them in all sex-related aspects might be called reproductively healthy. In Chapter 4 - Reproductive Health of NCERT Class 12 you will study all about reproductive health like, Why is it significant to maintain reproductive health and what are the methods taken up to achieve it?

The primary step towards reproductive health:

  • Counseling and creating awareness among people about reproductive organs

  • Adolescence and associated changes awareness

  • Hygienic and safe sexual practices

  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including AIDS, etc awareness session.

Providing medical facilities and care to the problems like menstrual irregularities, pregnancy-related aspects, delivery, medical termination of pregnancy, STIs, birth control, infertility, postnatal child and maternal management is another important aspect of the Reproductive and Child Health Care programs.

Here are the important topics of NCERT Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 - Reproductive Health:

4.1 Reproductive Health - Problems and Strategies

4.2 Population Stabilisation and Birth Control

4.3 Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)

4.4 Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

4.5 Infertility

In NCERT Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 - Reproductive Health you will also learn about the MTP. MTP is Medical termination of Pregnancy and it is legalised in our country. MTP is generally performed to get rid of unwanted pregnancy due to rapes, casual relationship, etc., as also in cases when the continuation of pregnancy could be harmful or even fatal to either the mother or the foetus or both.

Reproductive Health chapter will also tell you about infertility and In Vitro Fertilization. See,  inability to conceive or produce children even after 2 years of unprotected sexual cohabitation is called infertility. Now, there are various methods, which are available to help such couples. In Vitro fertilization followed by transfer of the embryo into the female genital tract is one such method and is commonly known as the ‘Test Tube Baby’ Programme.

After going through Chapter-4 of Biology Class 12 - Reproductive Health, you must have understood all the concepts and based on that you can solve the questions given below:

Q1. What are the suggested reasons for the population explosion?

Q2. Is the use of contraceptives justified? Give reasons.

Q3. Removal of gonads cannot be considered as a contraceptive option. Why?

And if still you are confused then Solutions for NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 - Reproductive Health is there for you.
Also, try to attempt all the given questions in NCERT, and in case, if face any doubt then refer to
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 - Reproductive Health. There you will get all the answers to this chapter and it will help you to score good marks in the exam. It will help you to understand the concept behind the questions and also help you to prepare for the other competitive exam like NEET, AIIMS, and JIPMER (along with the board), as NCERT is the base for any kind of exam.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 4 Reproductive Health- Solved Exercise Questions

NCERT Solutions class 12 – Biology

Chapter 1

Reproduction in organisms

Chapter 2

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Chapter 3

Human Reproduction

Chapter 5

Principles of Inheritance and Variation

Chapter 6

Molecular basis of inheritance

Chapter 7


Chapter 8

Human health and disease

Chapter 9

Strategies for enhancement in food production

Chapter 10 

Microbes in Human Welfare

Chapter 11

Biotechnology: Principles and Processes

Chapter 12

Biotechnology and its applications

Chapter 13

Organisms and Populations

Chapter 14


Chapter 15

Biodiversity and Conservation

Chapter 16

Environmental Issues

NCERT Solutions for Class 12- Subject wise

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Maths

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

NCERT solutions for  Class 12 Biology

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Physics


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