NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health: What do you understand by the term Reproductive Health? It’s simple, this means healthy reproductive organs with normal functions. Solutions for NCERT class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health will tell you the definition according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), reproductive health means total well-being in all aspects of reproduction, i.e., physical, emotional, behavioral and social. Therefore, a society with people having physically and functionally normal reproductive organs and normal emotional and behavioral interactions among them in all sex-related aspects might be called reproductively healthy. In NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health, you will get interesting questions related to reproductive health like, Why is it significant to maintain reproductive health and what are the methods taken up to achieve it? If you are looking for the answers of any other class (6th-12th) then NCERT solutions are there for you as it's the easiest way to get all the solutions of NCERT.
In CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health, you will get question-related to the steps of towards the health, so for that, you have to study: The primary step towards reproductive health, that is:
Counseling and creating awareness among people about reproductive organs
Adolescence and associated changes awareness
Hygienic and safe sexual practices
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including AIDS, etc awareness session.
Providing medical facilities and care to the problems like menstrual irregularities, pregnancy-related aspects, delivery, medical termination of pregnancy, STIs, birth control, infertility, postnatal child and maternal management is another important aspect of the Reproductive and Child Health Care programs and related questions and solutions are there in NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health.
Here are the important topics of solutions for NCERT class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health given below:
4.1 Reproductive Health - Problems and Strategies
4.2 Population Stabilisation and Birth Control
4.3 Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)
4.4 Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
In NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health, you will also get questions related to MTP. MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy and it is legalized in our country. MTP is generally performed to get rid of unwanted pregnancy due to rapes, casual relationships, etc., as also in cases when the continuation of pregnancy could be harmful or even fatal to either the mother or the foetus or both.
The CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health will also provide you solutions related to infertility and In Vitro Fertilization. For example, the inability to conceive or produce children even after 2 years of unprotected sexual cohabitation is called infertility. Now, there are various methods, which are available to help such couples. In Vitro fertilization followed by transfer of the embryo into the female genital tract is one such method and is commonly known as the ‘Test Tube Baby’ Programme.
After going through NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health, you must have understood all the concepts and based on that you can solve the questions given below:
Q1. What do you think is the significance of reproductive health in a society?
Reproductive health refers to complete physical, emotional, behavioral and social well being n all aspects of reproduction. The significance of reproductive health is as follows:
1. Attainment of reproductive health can possible reduces the chances of STDs such as AIDS, hepatitis, gonorrhoea etc. as a reproductively healthy society has knowledge about transmission of these diseases, th8s these can be prevented.
2. In a reproductively healthy society, people will have knowledge about birth control and family planning, thus aiding in population control.
Q3. Is sex education necessary in schools? Why?
Yes, sex education is necessary to be introduced in schools. It is because the school students are adolescents and they must be taught regarding reproductive health. This is considered to be the right time for giving them information about reproductive organs, puberty, safe sexual practices and changes related to adolescence. They also are made aware of STDs and birth control measures. Therefore, providing sex education to them in schools will lead to a reproductively healthy society.
Q4. Do you think that reproductive health in our country has improved in the past 50 years? If yes, mention some such areas of improvement.
Yes, reproductive health in our country has improved in the past 50 years as India has taken some serious steps to improve reproductive health in the country.
1. Programs such as family planning started in 1951.
2. Government together with certain NGOs are creating awareness about reproductive health through audio-visual aids and print media
3. Maternal and infant mortality rate has been decreased drastically in India.
4. To stop female foeticides, amniocenteses have been banned in India.
5. Massive immunization programs for infants and children have been set up.
Reasons for population explosions are as follows:
1. A rapid decline in death rate, maternal mortality rate and infant mortality.
2. Increase in individuals of reproductive age.
3. Due to better medical facilities, the life span of people is increasing.
4. Illiteracy causes people to be unaware of birth control measures leading to unwanted pregnancies.
Q6. Is the use of contraceptives justified? Give reasons.
Yes, the use of contraceptives is justified these days. It is mainly because the population of India is continuously increasing. Uncontrolled growth in population is one of the major problems of the world. The growing population will make the scarcity of basic needs such as food, shelter, etc. Thus, in order to control the growth in population, the use of contraceptives becomes necessary. Various methods of contraceptive methods are available today which are very easy, safe, cost-effective and without any side effects. Therefore, fertile couples can use contraceptive methods to control the population.
Q7. Removal of gonads cannot be considered as a contraceptive option. Why?
A contraceptive is a method by which the chances of unwanted pregnancies can be reduced. Removal of gonads is not considered a contraceptive because it causes infertility along with the unavailability of hormones required for the functioning of accessory reproductive organs.
NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health:
Q9. Suggest some methods to assist infertile couples to have children.
Infertility refers to the inability of a couple to produce their young one even after continuous unprotected sex. The factors that cause infertility can be physical, diseases, drugs, immunological, etc. There are infertility clinics that provide correct treatment to infertile couples. Some methods to assist infertile couples to have children are as follows:
1. Various assisted reproductive technologies i.e. ART methods are practiced these days. Among these, IVF (In-vitro fertilization) is very common which is followed by ET (embryo transfer). This process is also known as a test-tube baby program.
2. GIFT – Gamete intrafallopian transfer, in this process embryo from in-vivo fertilization are transferred to a recipient female which is able to carry the baby for 9 months.
3. AI – Artificial insemination, is used when the sperm count of the male partner is very low. In this process, the sperms are artificially introduced into the vagina or uterus of a recipient female
4. ICSI – Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a method of directly injecting sperm into the ovum to form the embryo.
Q10. What are the measures one has to take to prevent from contracting STDs?
The measures one has to take to prevent from contracting STDs are as follows:
1. Always use condoms while having intercourse.
2. We must avoid having sex with an unknown partner or multiple partners.
3. We should maintain sex hygiene and must consult a physician if any symptoms are found.
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What are the benefits of NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health: After understanding the complete chapter, try to attempt all the given questions in NCERT, and in case, if you face any doubt then take help from solutions for NCERT class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health. You will get all the answers to this chapter and it will help you to score good marks in the exam. CBSE NCERT solutions for class 12 biology chapter 4 reproductive health, will help you to understand the concept behind the questions and also help you to prepare for the competitive exam like NEET (along with the 12th board exam), as NCERT is the base for both of the exams.