9 Suggest some methods to assist infertile couples to have children.
Infertility refers to the inability of a couple to produce their young one even after continuous unprotected sex. The factors that cause infertility can be physical, diseases, drugs, immunological etc. There are infertility clinics which provide correct treatment to infertile couples. Some methods to assist infertile couples to have children are as follows:
1. Various assisted reproductive technologies i.e. ART methods are practised these days. Among these, IVF (In-vitro fertilization) is very common which is followed by ET (embryo transfer). This process is also known as test tube baby programme.
2. GIFT – Gamete intrafallopian transfer, in this process embryo from in-vivo fertilization are transferred to a recipient female which is able to carry the baby for 9 months.
3. AI – Artificial insemination, is used when the sperm count of the male partner is very low. In this process, the sperms are artificially introduced into the vagina or uterus of a recipient female
4. ICSI – Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a method of directly injecting sperm into the ovum to form the embryo.