Look around you and you will realize that you are surrounded with many electronic gadgets like mobile phone, TV or laptop etc. All of these devices will stop working if they won’t have an energy source or a battery. This energy comes in the form of electric current. Not only that nature also has many types of currents like the lightning in the clouds is a result of the uncontrolled flow of charges to earth.
Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, VI characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, Combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
This chapter talks mainly about electric current and potential difference. So what basically is this electric current? Current is the measure of the flow of charge, and it is represented by I where, . In this chapter, we will concentrate mainly about electric current in metals, because in metals, the electrons are free to move and when an Electric field is applied or potential difference is created in the conductor, the electrons flow and hence current flows in the metals, these metals are known as conductors. Few examples of good conductors are gold, silver, copper, and aluminum. In the conductors, the potential difference (V) is directly proportional to the current (I). This relation is known as Ohm’s law and it was given by G.S. Ohm in the year 1828. The proportionality constant of this relation is also known as resistance and it is represented by R. This constant R depends upon the material characteristics as well as its dimensions. Due to dependency on the dimension, two or more resistance can form 3 types of arrangements namely series, parallel and mixture of both. In this chapter, you will mainly find questions for calculating the equivalent resistance of various arrangements of resistances and two laws of Kirchhoff’s will help you to find it, namely, Kirchhoff’s Junction rule and Kirchhoff’s Loop rule. There are some interesting experiments which you will have or had done in your school like Potentiometer experiment, Wheatstone bridge or meter bridge experiments. In this chapter, you will also get to know about the working of various electrical measuring devices, mainly about the galvanometer, ammeter, and voltmeter.
Drift Velocity, where is relaxation time & E is Electric Field
Current in terms of drift velocity, where n is free e density.
Current density,
Ohm’s law,
Resistance, where is resistivity
Equivalent Resistance
Parallel arrangement,
Series arrangement,
Power,
Kirchhoff’s junction rule,
Kirchhoff’s loop rule,
Before solving questions of this chapter you should be well versed with the concepts of electrostatics, you should be able to find the equivalent capacitance and calculate the potential difference. This chapter is easy if you know the concepts of electrostatics. You will find many questions of this chapter which involve your practical knowledge, like questions on potentiometer, ammeter or voltmeter etc, so do your practicals very carefully and understand each and everything about it. If you are not able to do practicals then watch animated videos of working of all these electronic measuring devices. Many times you will be given complex circuits of resistors and you either have to solve for equivalent resistance, current or potential difference. So keep practicing questions on circuits.
Before solving questions of this chapter, revise concepts of electrostatics, especially concepts related to capacitance.
Try to solve questions with the help of Kirchhoff’s rule, it will be helpful for you while solving complex circuit questions.
Do your lab experiments carefully, most often questions are asked from these experiments as well.
Solve as many questions of complex circuit questions as you can, and if your textbook doesn’t have enough questions, then give mock tests.
Make a list of questions which you were not able to solve in the first attempt or you took a long time solving them, after a week or two solve them again.
For this chapter, I would recommend you to first go through NCERT book and your Lab manual and solve questions from those chapters. Then you should solve questions from NCERT Exemplar book for a good hold on this chapter. If you want to test yourself for competitive exams, then you should read Understanding Physics by D.C. Pandey.
Chapters No. 
Chapters Name 
Chapter 1 

Chapter 2 

Chapter 3 

Chapter 4 

Chapter 5 

Chapter 6 

Chapter 7 

Chapter 8 

Chapter 9 

Chapter 10 

Chapter 11 

Chapter 12 

Chapter 13 

Chapter 14 

Chapter 15 

Chapter 16 

Chapter 17 

Chapter 18 

Chapter 19 

Chapter 20 

Chapter 21 
If in the circuit, power dissipation is 150 W, then is
An electric bulb is rated 220 volt  100 watt. The power consumed by it when operated on 110 volt will be
50 watt
75 watt
40 watt
25 watt.
A thermocouple is made from two metals, antimony and bismuth. If one junction of the couple is kept hot and the other is kept cold then, an electric current will
flow from antimony to bismuth at the cold junction
flow from antimony to bismuth at the hot junction
flow from bismuth to antimony at the cold junction
not flow through the thermocouple.