# NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials- In this particular chapter you will study the geometrical interpretation of zeroes of polynomial and how to carry out divisions of the polynomials. In mathematics, there are two kinds of numbers- one is the real number and another one is the imaginary numbers. NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 1 real number has very detailed solutions to each and every question. This chapter will be dedicated to real numbers. Real numbers are those numbers that can be represented in the number line. It is one of the most elegant topics in NCERT class 10 maths which can be connected to real life. If anyone wants to go deeper into the number system then the real number is the first step of a mastering number system. Real numbers include the in-depth classification of numbers and applications and properties related to various kinds of numbers. The number system is also very important when you will be appearing in the competitive examinations. CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 1 real numbers will give you a great approach to the application of a concept in the particular question.

## Types of questions asked from class 10 maths chapter 2 Polynomials-

CBSE Class 10 maths board exam will have the following types of questions from the chapter polynomials:

• Questions related to the degree of a polynomial

• Questions based on the number of zeroes in a quadratic polynomial

• Questions related to the sum & product of quadratic polynomial

• Questions based on division algorithm

• Questions on the number of zeroes in a cubic polynomial

## Polynomials Excercise: 2.1 The number of zeroes of p(x) is zero as the curve does not intersect the x-axis. The number of zeroes of p(x) is one as the graph intersects the x-axis only once. The number of zeroes of p(x) is three as the graph intersects the x-axis thrice. The number of zeroes of p(x) is two as the graph intersects the x-axis twice. The number of zeroes of p(x) is four as the graph intersects the x-axis four times. The number of zeroes of p(x) is three as the graph intersects the x-axis thrice.

## Polynomials Excercise: 2.2

x2 - 2x - 8 = 0

x2 - 4x + 2x - 8 = 0

x(x-4) +2(x-4) = 0

(x+2)(x-4) = 0

The zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial are -2 and 4

VERIFICATION

Sum of roots:

Verified

Product of roots:

Verified

The zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial are 1/2 and 1/2

VERIFICATION

Sum of roots:

Verified

Product of roots:

Verified

6x2 - 3 - 7x = 0

6x2 - 7x - 3 = 0

6x2 - 9x + 2x - 3 = 0

3x(2x - 3) + 1(2x - 3) = 0

(3x + 1)(2x - 3) = 0

The zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial are -1/3 and 3/2

Sum of roots:

Verified

Product of roots:

Verified

4u2 + 8u = 0

4u(u + 2) = 0

The zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial are 0 and -2

VERIFICATION

Sum of roots:

Verified

Product of roots:

Verified

t2 - 15 = 0

The zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial are  and

VERIFICATION

Sum of roots:

Verified

Product of roots:

Verified

3x2 - x - 4 = 0

3x2 + 3x - 4x - 4 = 0

3x(x + 1) - 4(x + 1) = 0

(3x - 4)(x + 1) = 0

The zeroes of the given quadratic polynomial are 4/3 and -1

VERIFICATION

Sum of roots:

Verified

Product of roots:

Verified

## Q2 (1) Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of zeroes respectively. 1/4 , -1

The required quadratic polynomial is x2 + .

The required quadratic polynomial is x2 - x + 1

The required quadratic polynomial is 4x2 + x + 1

Q2 (6)  Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of zeroes respectively. 4,1

The required quadratic polynomial is x2 - 4x + 1

## Polynomials Excercise: 2.3

The polynomial division is carried out as follows The quotient is x-3 and the remainder is 7x-9

The division is carried out as follows The quotient is

and the remainder is 8

The polynomial is divided as follows The quotient is  and the remainder is After dividing we got the remainder as zero. So is a factor of

To check whether the first polynomial is a factor of the second polynomial we have to get the remainder as zero after the division After division, the remainder is zero thus  is a factor of

The polynomial division is carried out as follows The remainder is not zero, there for the first polynomial is not a factor of the second polynomial

## Q3 Obtain all other zeroes of , if two of its zeroes are

Two of the zeroes of the given polynomial are .

Therefore two of the factors of the given polynomial are  and

is a factor of the given polynomial.

To find the other factors we divide the given polynomial with The quotient we have obtained after performing the division is

(x+1)2 = 0

x = -1

The other two zeroes of the given polynomial are -1.

Quotient = x-2

remainder =-2x+4

Carrying out the polynomial division as follows deg p(x) will be equal to the degree of q(x) if the divisor is a constant. For example

Example for a polynomial  with deg q(x) = deg r(x) is given below

example for the polynomial which satisfies the division algorithm with r(x)=0 is given below

Polynomials Excercise: 2.4

p(x) = 2x3 + x2 -5x + 2

p(1) = 2 x 13 + 12 - 5 x 1 + 2

p(1) =2 + 1 - 5 + 2

p(1) = 0

p(-2) = 2 x (-2)3 + (-2)2 - 5 x (-2) +2

p(-2) = -16 + 4 + 10 + 2

p(-2) = 0

Therefore the numbers given alongside the polynomial are its zeroes

Verification of relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients

Comparing the given polynomial with ax3 + bx2 + cx + d, we have

a = 2, b = 1, c = -5, d = 2

The roots are

Verified

Verified

Verified

p(x) = x3 - 4x2 + 5x - 2

p(2) = 23 - 4 x 22 + 5 x 2 - 2

p(2) = 8 - 16 + 10 - 2

p(-2) = 0

p(1) = 13 - 4 x 12 + 5 x 1 - 2

p(1) = 1 - 4 + 5 - 2

p(1) = 0

Therefore the numbers given alongside the polynomial are its zeroes

Verification of relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients

Comparing the given polynomial with ax3 + bx2 + cx + d, we have

a = 1, b = -4, c = 5, d = -2

The roots are

Verified

Verified

Verified

Let the roots of the polynomial be

Hence the required cubic polynomial is x3 - 2x2 - 7x + 14 = 0

The roots of the above polynomial are a, a - b and a + b

Sum of the roots of the given plynomial = 3

a + (a - b) + (a + b) = 3

3a = 3

a = 1

The roots are therefore 1, 1 - b and 1 + b

Product of the roots of the given polynomial = -1

1 x (1 - b) x (1 + b) = - 1

1 - b2 = -1

b- 2 = 0

Therefore a = 1 and .

Given the two zeroes are

therefore the factors are

We have to find the remaining two factors. To find the remaining two factors we have to divide the polynomial with the product of the above factors

Now carrying out the polynomial division Now we get

So the zeroes are

The polynomial division is carried out as follows Given the remainder =x+a

The obtained remainder after division is

now equating the coefficient of x

which gives the value of

now equating the constants

Therefore k=5 and a=-5

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths - chapter wise

 Chapter No. Chapter Name Chapter 1 CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 1 Real Numbers Chapter 2 NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 2 Polynomials Chapter 3 Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Chapter 4 CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Chapter 5 NCERT solutions for class 10 chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Chapter 6 Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 6 Triangles Chapter 7 CBSE NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry Chapter 8 NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry Chapter 9 Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry Chapter 10 CBSE NCERT solutions class 10 maths chapter 10 Circles Chapter 11 NCERT solutions  for class 10 maths chapter 11 Constructions Chapter 12 Solutions of NCERT class 10 chapter maths chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Chapter 13 CBSE NCERT solutions class 10 maths chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes Chapter 14 NCERT solutions for class 10 maths chapter 14 Statistics Chapter 15 Solutions of NCERT class 10 maths chapter 15 Probability

## Solutions of NCERT class 10 - subject wise

Once you go through all the solutions from CBSE NCERT class 10 maths chapter 2 polynomials, you will find yourself much improved in terms of concepts, concept application, and problem-solving. 90% of the questions in the board examinations come from the NCERT textbook. If you are well prepared these 90% questions then the rest 10% can be fetched by doing some extension of what you have learned in terms of concepts.

Keep working hard & happy learning!