Hydrocarbons, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (Weightage 1%)  

Topics from Hydrocarbons, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions, Nature of C-X bond, Mechanisms of substitution reactions (67 concepts)
  • Uses: Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons and DDT (5 concepts)
  • general methods of preparation, properties and reactions. (9 concepts)
  • Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes (6 concepts)
  • Alkenes - Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of clcctrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (13 concepts)
  • Alkynes - Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization (5 concepts)
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature, benzene -structure and aromaticity (1 concepts)
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel - Craft alkylation and acylation (1 concepts)