General principles of metallurgy (Weightage 1%)  

Topics from General principles of metallurgy

  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores (7 concepts)
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals -concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe (17 concepts)
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals (2 concepts)
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