Select the answer which correctly matches the endocrine gland with the hormone it secretes and its function/deficiency symptom:

Endocrine gland

Hormone

Function/deficiency symptoms

 

  • Option 1)

    Corpus luteum

    Testosterone

    Stimulates spermatogenesis

     

  • Option 2)

    Anterior pituitary

    Oxytocin

    Stimulates uterus contraction during child birth

     

  • Option 3)

     

    Posterior

    pituitary

    Growth

    Hormone

    (GH)

    Oversecretion Stimulates abnormal growth

     

  • Option 4)

     

    Thyroid gland

    Thyroxine

    Lack of iodine in diet results in goitre

     

 

Answers (1)

 

Hormones secreted by thyroid gland -

These follicular cells synthesise two hormones, tetraiodothyronine or thyroxine (T4 ) and triiodothyronine (T3 ).

-

 

 

Hypothyroidism -

Iodine is essential for the normal rate of hormone synthesis in the thyroid

- wherein

Deficiency of iodine in our diet results in hypothyroidism and enlargement of the thyroid gland, commonly called goitre.

 

 


Option 1)

Corpus luteum

Testosterone

Stimulates spermatogenesis

 

Incorrect

Option 2)

Anterior pituitary

Oxytocin

Stimulates uterus contraction during child birth

 

Incorrect

Option 3)

 

Posterior

pituitary

Growth

Hormone

(GH)

Oversecretion Stimulates abnormal growth

 

Incorrect

Option 4)

 

Thyroid gland

Thyroxine

Lack of iodine in diet results in goitre

 

Correct

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