17. A square piece of tin of side 18 cm is to be made into a box without top, by cutting a square from each corner and folding up the flaps to form the box. What should be the side of the square to be cut off so that the volume of the box is the maximum possible.

Answers (1)

It is given that the side of the square is  18 cm
Let assume that  the length of the side of the square to be cut off is x cm
So, by this, we can say that the breath of cube is (18-2x) cm and height is x cm
Then,
Volume of cube\left ( V(x) \right ) =  x(18-2x)^2
V^{'}(x) = (18-2x)^2+(x)2(18-2x)(-2)
V^{'}(x) = 0\\ (18-2x)^2-4x(18-2x)=0\\ 324 + 4x^2 - 72x - 72x + 8x^2 = 0\\ 12x^2-144x+324 = 0\\ 12(x^2-12x+27) = 0\\ x^2-9x-3x+27=0\\ (x-3)(x-9)=0\\ x = 3 \ and \ x = 9  But the value of x can not be 9 because then the value of breath become 0 so we neglect value x = 9
Hence, x = 3 is the  critical point
Now,
V^{''}(x) = 24x -144\\ V^{''}(3) = 24\times 3 - 144\\ . \ \ \ \ \ \ \ = 72 - 144 = -72\\ V^{''}(3) < 0
Hence, x = 3 is the point of maxima
Hence,  the length of the side of the square to be cut off is 3 cm so that the volume of the box is the maximum possible

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