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A triangle and a parallelogram have the same base and the same area. If the sides of the triangle are 26 cm, 28 cm and 30 cm, and the parallelogram stands on the base 28 cm, find the height of the parallelogram.

Q4.    A triangle and a parallelogram have the same base and the same area. If the sides of the triangle are 26 cm, 28 cm and 30 cm, and the parallelogram stands on the base 28 cm, find the height of the parallelogram.

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From the figure:

The sides of the triangle are a = 26\ cm,b= 28\ cm\ and\ c =30\ cm.

Then, calculating the area of the triangle:

So, the semi-perimeter of triangle ABE,

s = \frac{a+b+c}{2} = \frac{28+26+30}{2} = 42\ cm.

Therefore, its area will be given by the Heron's formula:

A = \sqrt{s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)}

     = \sqrt{42(42-28)(42-26)(42-30)}

     = \sqrt{42(14)(16)(12)} = \sqrt{112896} = 336\ cm^2

Given that the area of the parallelogram is equal to the area of the triangle:

Area\ of\ Parallelogram = Area\ of\ Triangle

\implies base\times corresponding\ height = 336\ cm^2

\implies 28\times corresponding\ height = 336\ cm^2

\implies height = \frac{336}{28} = 12\ cm.

Hence, the height of the parallelogram is 12 cm.

 

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