Translation- The process of polymerisation of amino acids into a polypeptide chain is referred to as translation. The order and sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain is dependent upon the base sequence of mRNA. Process of translation involves three steps i.e. initiation, elongation and termination. During the initiation, the ribosome binds to the mRNA at the start codon which is AUG. Ribosomes further move from codon to codon along the mRNA for elongation of the polypeptide chain. In the end, the release factors bind to the stop codon, leading to the termination of translation and release of the polypeptide from the ribosome.