Q.3 Check whether the relation R defined in the set \{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6\} as
R = \{(a, b) : b = a + 1\} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive.

Answers (1)

R defined in the set \{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6\}

R = \{(a, b) : b = a + 1\}

R=\left \{ \left ( 1,2 \right ),\left ( 2,3 \right ),\left ( 3,4 \right ),\left ( 4,5 \right ),\left ( 5,6 \right ) \right \}

Since, \left \{ \left ( 1,1 \right ),\left ( 2,2 \right ),\left ( 3,3 \right ),\left ( 4,4 \right ),\left ( 5,5 \right ),\left ( 6,6 \right ) \right \}\notin R so it is not reflexive.

\left \{ \left ( 1,2 \right ),\left ( 2,3 \right ),\left ( 3,4 \right ),\left ( 4,5 \right ),\left ( 5,6 \right ) \right \}\in R   but \left \{ \left ( 2,1 \right ),\left ( 3,2 \right ),\left ( 4,3 \right ),\left ( 5,4 \right ),\left ( 6,5 \right ) \right \}\notin R

So,it is not symmetric

\left \{ \left ( 1,2 \right ),\left ( 2,3 \right ),\left ( 3,4 \right ),\left ( 4,5 \right ),\left ( 5,6 \right ) \right \}\in R   but \left \{ \left ( 1,3 \right ),\left ( 2,4 \right ),\left ( 3,5 \right ),\left ( 4,6 \right )\right \}\notin R

So,it is not transitive.

Hence, it is neither reflexive, nor symmetric, nor transitive.

 

 

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