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Compare the general characteristics of the first series of the transition metalswith those of the second and third series metals in the respective vertical columns. Give special emphasis on the following points: ionisation enthalpies.

8.35 Compare the general characteristics of the first series of the transition metalswith those of the second and third series metals in the respective vertical columns. Give special emphasis on the following points:

(iii) ionisation enthalpies

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M manish

In all of the three transition series, the 1st ionisation energy increases from the left side to right side. But, there are some exceptions like the first ionisation enthalpies of the third transition series are more significant than those of the first and second transition series. This is happening due to the weak shielding effect of 4 electrons in the third series.
Some elements in the second series have higher first IE than elements of the same column in the first transition series. There are also elements in the 2nd transition series whose first IE are lower than those of the elements corresponding to the same vertical column in the 1st transition series.

 

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