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(a) Estimate the speed with which electrons emitted from a heated emitter of an evacuated tube impinge on the collector maintained at a potential difference of 500 V with respect to the emitter. Ignore the small initial speeds of the electrons.

Q : 11.20  (a) Estimate the speed with which electrons emitted from a heated emitter of an evacuated tube impinge on the collector maintained at a potential difference of 500\hspace{1mm}V with respect to the emitter. Ignore the small initial speeds of the electrons. The specific charge of the electron, i.e., its  e/m  is given to be  1.76\times 10^1^1\hspace{1mm}kg^-^1

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The Kinetic Energy of an electron accelerated through Potential Difference V is K=eV where e the electronic charge.

Speed of the electrons after being accelerated through a potential difference of 500 V will be

\\v=\sqrt{\frac{2K}{m_{e}}}\\ v=\sqrt{\frac{2eV}{m_{e}}}\\ v=\sqrt{2\times 1.76\times 10^{11}\times 500}\\ v=1.366\times 10^{7}ms^{-1}        Specific charge is e/me=1.366\times1011C/kg

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