Q

# Factorise : (iv) 3 x ^2 - x - 4

4.(iv) Factorise :

(iv)    $3x^2 - x - 4$

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Given polynomial is   $3x^2 - x - 4$

We need to factorise the middle term into two terms such that their product is equal to $3 \times -4 =-12$ and their sum is equal to $-1$

We can solve it as

$\Rightarrow 3x^2 - x - 4$

$\Rightarrow 3x^2 -4 x+3x - 4$                                      $(\because 3 \times -4 = -12 \ \ and \ \ 3+(-4) = -1)$

$\Rightarrow x(3x-4)+1(3x-4)$

$\Rightarrow (x+1)(3x-4)$

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