# Q : 4         (ii) Find equation of line joining $\small (3,1)$ and $\small (9,3)$ using determinants.

Answers (1)

We can find the equation of the line by considering any arbitrary point $A(x,y)$ on line.

So, we have three points which are collinear and therefore area surrounded by them will be equal to zero.

$\triangle = \frac{1}{2}\begin{vmatrix} 3 &1 &1 \\ 9& 3 & 1\\ x& y &1 \end{vmatrix} = 0$

Calculating the determinant:

$=\frac{1}{2}\left [ 3\begin{vmatrix} 3 &1 \\ y& 1 \end{vmatrix}-1\begin{vmatrix} 9 &1 \\ x& 1 \end{vmatrix}+1\begin{vmatrix} 9 &3 \\ x &y \end{vmatrix} \right ]$

$=\frac{1}{2}\left [ 3(3-y)-1(9-x)+1(9y-3x) \right ] = 0$

$\frac{1}{2}\left [ 9-3y-9+x+9y-3x \right ] = \frac{1}{2}[6y-2x] = 0$

Hence we have the line equation:

$3y= x$ or  $x-3y = 0$.

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