Golden rice is a variety of rice crop, genetically engineered to synthesise beta carotene which is a precursor of vitamin A. The normal rice produces beta carotene but in leaves, to increase the production of vitamin A, beta carotene should be synthesised in the endosperm. Golden rice was developed by transferring two beta-carotene biosynthesis genes into the rice genome. These genes include psy (phytoene synthase) from a plant named Narcissus pseudonarcissus (daffodil) and crtI (phytoene desaturase) from the soil bacterium Erwinia uredovora. These genes were under endosperm-specific promoter so that they will show expression in the endosperm.