Q

# Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the given curves at the indicated points:y = x ^ 3 at (1, 1)

14) Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the given curves at the indicated
points:

c)  $y = x^3\: \: at \: \: (1, 1)$

Views

We know that Slope of the tangent at a point on the given curve is given  by  $\frac{dy}{dx}$
Given the equation of the curve
$y = x^3$
$\frac{dy}{dx}= 3x^2$
at point (1,1)
$\frac{dy}{dx}= 3(1)^2 = 3$
Hence slope of tangent is 3
Now we know that,
$slope \ of \ normal = \frac{-1}{slope \ of \ tangent} = \frac{-1}{3}$
Now, equation of tangent at point (1,1) with slope = 3 is
$y = mx + c\\ 1 = 1 \times 3 + c\\ c = 1 - 3 = -2$
equation of tangent is
$y - 3x + 2 = 0$
Similarly, equation of normal at point (1,1) with slope = -1/3 is
y = mx + c
$1 = \frac{-1}{3}\times 1+ c$
$c = \frac{4}{3}$
equation of normal is
$y = \frac{-1}{3}x+\frac{4}{3} \\ 3y + x = 4$

Exams
Articles
Questions