30) Find the values of a and b such that the function defined by
f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 5 & if\: \: x \leq 2 \\ ax + b & if\: \: 2 < x < 10 \\ 21 , & if\: \: x > 10 \end{matrix}\right.
is a continuous function. 

Answers (1)

Given continuous function is
 f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 5 & if\: \: x \leq 2 \\ ax + b & if\: \: 2 < x < 10 \\ 21 , & if\: \: x > 10 \end{matrix}\right.
The function is continuous so
\lim_{x\rightarrow 2^-}f(x) = \lim_{x\rightarrow 2^+}f(x)\\ and\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 10^-}f(x)=\lim_{x\rightarrow 10^+}f(x)
\lim_{x\rightarrow 2^-}f(x) = 5\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 2^+}f(x)=ax+b=2a+b\\ 2a+b = 5 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(i)\\ and\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 10^-}f(x)=ax+b=10a+b\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 10^+}f(x)=21\\ 10a+b=21 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(ii)
By solving  equation (i) and (ii)
a = 2 and b = 1
Hence, values of a and b such that the function defined by     f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 5 & if\: \: x \leq 2 \\ ax + b & if\: \: 2 < x < 10 \\ 21 , & if\: \: x > 10 \end{matrix}\right.     is a continuous function is 2 and 1 respectively

Preparation Products

JEE Main Rank Booster 2021

This course will help student to be better prepared and study in the right direction for JEE Main..

₹ 13999/- ₹ 9999/-
Buy Now
Rank Booster NEET 2021

This course will help student to be better prepared and study in the right direction for NEET..

₹ 13999/- ₹ 9999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main April 2021 (Easy Installments)

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of JEE Main..

₹ 4999/-
Buy Now
Knockout NEET May 2021

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of NEET..

₹ 22999/- ₹ 14999/-
Buy Now
Knockout NEET May 2022

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of NEET..

₹ 34999/- ₹ 24999/-
Buy Now
Exams
Articles
Questions