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Find the values of a and b such that the function defined by f x = 5 for x < 2 is a continuous function.

30) Find the values of a and b such that the function defined by
f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 5 & if\: \: x \leq 2 \\ ax + b & if\: \: 2 < x < 10 \\ 21 , & if\: \: x > 10 \end{matrix}\right.
is a continuous function. 

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Given continuous function is
 f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 5 & if\: \: x \leq 2 \\ ax + b & if\: \: 2 < x < 10 \\ 21 , & if\: \: x > 10 \end{matrix}\right.
The function is continuous so
\lim_{x\rightarrow 2^-}f(x) = \lim_{x\rightarrow 2^+}f(x)\\ and\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 10^-}f(x)=\lim_{x\rightarrow 10^+}f(x)
\lim_{x\rightarrow 2^-}f(x) = 5\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 2^+}f(x)=ax+b=2a+b\\ 2a+b = 5 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(i)\\ and\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 10^-}f(x)=ax+b=10a+b\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 10^+}f(x)=21\\ 10a+b=21 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(ii)
By solving  equation (i) and (ii)
a = 2 and b = 1
Hence, values of a and b such that the function defined by     f (x) = \left\{\begin{matrix} 5 & if\: \: x \leq 2 \\ ax + b & if\: \: 2 < x < 10 \\ 21 , & if\: \: x > 10 \end{matrix}\right.     is a continuous function is 2 and 1 respectively

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