# 10 Find the vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of the planes $\overrightarrow{r}.(2\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}-3\widehat{k})=7$   ,  $\overrightarrow{r}(2\widehat{i}+5\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k})=9$ and   through the point (2, 1, 3).

Here $\vec{n_{1}} =2 \widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}-3\widehat{k}$ and $\vec{n_{2}} = 2\widehat{i}+5\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k}$

and $d_{1} = 7$  and  $d_{2} = 9$

Hence, using the relation $\vec{r}.(\vec{n_{1}}+\lambda\vec{n_{2}}) = d_{1}+\lambda d_{2}$, we get

$\vec{r}.[2\widehat{i}+2\widehat{j}-3\widehat{k}+\lambda(2\widehat{i}+5\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k})] = 7+9\lambda$

or     $\vec{r}.[(2+2\lambda)\widehat{i}+(2+5\lambda)\widehat{j}+(3\lambda-3)\widehat{k}] = 7+9\lambda$             ..............(1)

where, $\lambda$ is some real number.

Taking $\vec{r} = x\widehat{i}+y\widehat{j}+z\widehat{k}$, we get

$(\vec{x\widehat{i}+y\widehat{j}+z\widehat{k}}).[(2+2\lambda)\widehat{i}+(2+5\lambda)\widehat{j}+(3\lambda-3)\widehat{k}] = 7+9\lambda$

or   $x(2+2\lambda) + y(2+5\lambda) +z(3\lambda-3) = 7+9\lambda$

or   $2x+2y-3z-7 + \lambda(2x+5y+3z-9) = 0$                       .............(2)

Given that the plane passes through the point $(2,1,3)$, it must satisfy (2), i.e.,

$(4+2-9-7) + \lambda(4+5+9-9) = 0$

or                $\lambda = \frac{10}{9}$

Putting the values of $\lambda$ in (1), we get

$\vec{r}\left [\left ( 2+\frac{20}{9} \right )\widehat{i}+\left ( 2+\frac{50}{9} \right )\widehat{j}+\left ( \frac{10}{3}-3 \right )\widehat{k} \right ] = 7+10$

or       $\vec{r}\left ( \frac{38}{9}\widehat{i}+\frac{68}{9}\widehat{j}+\frac{1}{3}\widehat{k} \right ) = 17$

or      $\vec{r}.\left ( 38\widehat{i}+68\widehat{j}+3\widehat{k} \right ) = 153$

which is the required vector equation of the plane.

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