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For the decomposition of azoisopropane to hexane and nitrogen at 543 K, the following data are obtained.

4.20   For the decomposition of azoisopropane to hexane and nitrogen at 543K, the following data are obtained.

            

          Calculate the rate constant.

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M manish

Decompostion is represented by equation-


After t time, the total pressure p_{T}p_{0}-p+(p+p) = p_{0}+p

                                               So, p = p_{t}-p_{0}

thus, p_{0}-p = 2p_{0}-p_{t}

for first order reaction,

k= \frac{2.303}{t}\log\frac{p_{0}}{p_{0}-p}
   = \frac{2.303}{360}\log\frac{p_{0}}{2p_{0}-p_{t}}
now putting the values of pressures,

when t =360sec

= \frac{2.303}{360}\log\frac{35}{2*35-54}
= 2.175\times 10^{-3}s^{-1}

when t = 270sec

= \frac{2.303}{270}\log\frac{35}{2*35-54}
= 2.235\times 10^{-3}s^{-1}

So, k_{avg}=k_{1}+k_{2}/2
                 =2.21\times 10^{-3}\ s^{-1} 

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