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How will you convert: (v) Ethanoic acid into propanoic acid

13.5        How will you convert:

                     (v) Ethanoic acid into propanoic acid

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M manish

Acetic acid on reduction with lithium aluminium hydride followed by acid hydrolysis gives ethanol, which on reacting with PCl_{5} gives ethyl chloride. Ethyl chloride on further reacting with ethanolic sodium cyanide to form propanenitrile, which on acidic hydrolysis gives the desired output.

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