6. If the radius of a sphere is measured as 7 m with an error of 0.02 m, then find the approximate error in calculating its volume.

Answers (1)

Error in radius of sphere (\Delta r) = 0.02 m
Volume of sphere = \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3
Error in volume (\Delta V) 
dV = \frac{dV}{dr}.\Delta r\\ dV = 4\pi r^2 .\Delta r \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (\because V = \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3, r =7 \ and \ \Delta r = 0.02 )\\ dV = 4\pi (7)^2 (0.02)\\ dV= 4\pi (49) (0.02)\\ dV = 3.92\pi
Hence,  the approximate error in its volume is 3.92\pi \ m^3

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