Prove that

    10. \cot^{-1}\left(\frac{\sqrt{1+\sin x} + \sqrt{1 - \sin x}}{\sqrt{1+\sin x} - \sqrt{1 - \sin x}} \right ) = \frac{x}{2},\;\;x\in\left(0,\frac{\pi}{4} \right )

Answers (1)

Given that \cot^{-1}\left(\frac{\sqrt{1+\sin x} + \sqrt{1 - \sin x}}{\sqrt{1+\sin x} - \sqrt{1 - \sin x}} \right )

By observing we can rationalize the fraction

        \left(\frac{\sqrt{1+\sin x} + \sqrt{1 - \sin x}}{\sqrt{1+\sin x} - \sqrt{1 - \sin x}} \right )

We get then,

=\left(\frac{\sqrt{1+\sin x} + \sqrt{1 - \sin x}}{\sqrt{1+\sin x} - \sqrt{1 - \sin x}} \right ) = \left(\frac{(\sqrt{1+\sin x} + \sqrt{1 - \sin x})^2}{{1+\sin x} - {1 + \sin x}} \right )

= \left(\frac{{1+\sin x} +{1 - \sin x} + 2\sqrt{(1+\sin x)(1-\sin x)} }{{1+\sin x} - {1 + \sin x}} \right )

= \frac{2(1+\sqrt{1-\sin^2 x})}{2\sin x} = \frac{1+\cos x}{\sin x} = \frac{2\cos^2 \frac{x}{2}}{2\sin \frac{x}{2}\cos \frac{x}{2}}

= \cot \frac{x}{2}

Therefore we can write it as;

\cot^{-1}\left ( \cot \frac{x}{2} \right ) = \frac{x}{2} 

As L.H.S. = R.H.S.

Hence proved.

 

 

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