19) Show that of all the rectangles inscribed in a given fixed circle, the square has the maximum area.

Answers (1)

Let assume that length and breadth of rectangle inscribed in a circle is l and b respectively
and the radius of the circle is r

Now, by Pythagoras theorem
a = \sqrt{l^2+b^2}\\
a = 2r
4r^2 = l^2+b^2\\ l = \sqrt{4r^2 - b^2}
Now, area of reactangle(A) = l \times b
A(b) = b(\sqrt{4r^2-b^2})
A^{'}(b) = \sqrt{4r^2-b^2}+b.\frac{(-2b)}{2\sqrt{4r^2-b^2}}\\ = \frac{4r^2-b^2-b^2}{\sqrt{4r^2-b^2}} = \frac{4r^2-2b^2}{\sqrt{4r^2-b^2}}
A^{'}(b) = 0 \\ \frac{4r^2-2b^2}{\sqrt{4r^2-b^2}} = 0\\ 4r^2 = 2b^2\\ b = \sqrt2r
Now,
A^{''}(b) = \frac{-4b(\sqrt{4r^2-b^2})-(4r^2-2b^2).\left ( \frac{-1}{2(4r^2-b^2)^\frac{3}{2}}.(-2b) \right )}{(\sqrt{4r^2-b^2})^2}\\ A^{''}(\sqrt2r) = \frac{(-4b)\times\sqrt2r}{(\sqrt2r)^2} = \frac{-2\sqrt2b}{r}< 0
Hence,  b = \sqrt2r is the point of maxima
l = \sqrt{4r^2-b^2}=\sqrt{4r^2-2r^2}= \sqrt2r
Since, l = b we can say that the given rectangle is a square
Hence, of all the rectangles inscribed in a given fixed circle, the square has the maximum area

Most Viewed Questions

Related Chapters

Preparation Products

Knockout NEET 2024

Personalized AI Tutor and Adaptive Time Table, Self Study Material, Unlimited Mock Tests and Personalized Analysis Reports, 24x7 Doubt Chat Support,.

₹ 40000/-
Buy Now
Knockout NEET 2025

Personalized AI Tutor and Adaptive Time Table, Self Study Material, Unlimited Mock Tests and Personalized Analysis Reports, 24x7 Doubt Chat Support,.

₹ 45000/-
Buy Now
NEET Foundation + Knockout NEET 2024

Personalized AI Tutor and Adaptive Time Table, Self Study Material, Unlimited Mock Tests and Personalized Analysis Reports, 24x7 Doubt Chat Support,.

₹ 54999/- ₹ 42499/-
Buy Now
NEET Foundation + Knockout NEET 2024 (Easy Installment)

Personalized AI Tutor and Adaptive Time Table, Self Study Material, Unlimited Mock Tests and Personalized Analysis Reports, 24x7 Doubt Chat Support,.

₹ 3999/-
Buy Now
NEET Foundation + Knockout NEET 2025 (Easy Installment)

Personalized AI Tutor and Adaptive Time Table, Self Study Material, Unlimited Mock Tests and Personalized Analysis Reports, 24x7 Doubt Chat Support,.

₹ 3999/-
Buy Now
Boost your Preparation for JEE Main with our Foundation Course
 
Exams
Articles
Questions