32. Show that the function defined byf (x) = |\cos x |  is a continuous function.

Answers (1)

Given function is 
f (x) = |\cos x |
given function is defined for all values of x
f = g o h ,  g(x) = |x| and h(x) = cos x
Now,
g(x)\begin{cases} -x & \text{ if } x<0 \\ 0 & \text{ if } x= 0\\ x& \text{ if } x>0 \end{cases}
g(x) is defined for all real numbers k
case(i)  k < 0
g(k) = -k\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow k}g(x) = -k\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow k}g(x) = g(k)
Hence, g(x) is continuous when k < 0

case (ii) k > 0
g(k) = k\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow k}g(x) = k\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow k}g(x) = g(k)
Hence, g(x) is continuous when k > 0

case (iii) k = 0
g(0) = 0\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 0^-}g(x) = -x = 0\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 0^+}g(x ) = x = 0\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow 0^-}g(x) = g(0) = \lim_{x\rightarrow 0^+}g(x )
Hence, g(x) is continuous when k = 0
Therefore, g(x) = |x| is continuous for all real values of x
Now, 
h(x) = cos x
Let suppose  x = c + h
if  x \rightarrow c , \ then \ h \rightarrow 0
h(c) = \cos c\\ \lim_{x\rightarrow c}h(x) = \lim_{x\rightarrow c}\cos x = \lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\cos (c+h)\\ We \ know \ that\\ \cos(a+b) = \cos a \cos b + \sin a\sin b\\ \lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\cos (c+h) = \lim_{h\rightarrow 0}(\cos c\cos h + \sin c \sin h) = \lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\cos c\cos h + \lim_{h\rightarrow 0}\sin c \sin h
                                                                                                 =\cos c\cos 0 + \sin c \sin 0 = \cos c
\lim_{x\rightarrow c}h(x) = h(c)
Hence, function h(x) = \cos x is a continuous function
g(x) is continuous , h(x) is continuous
Therefore, f(x) = g o h is also continuous

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