## Filters

Q&A - Ask Doubts and Get Answers
Q

# Show that the given differential equation is homogeneous and solve each of them. ( x - y) dy - (x - y) dx = 0

Show that the given differential equation is homogeneous
and solve each of them.

Q3.    $(x-y)dy - (x+y)dx = 0$

Answers (1)
Views

The given differential eq can be written as;

$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{x+y}{x-y} = F(x,y)(let\ say)$....................................(i)

$F(\lambda x,\lambda y)=\frac{\lambda x+\lambda y}{\lambda x-\lambda y}= \lambda ^{0}F(x,y)$
Hence it is a homogeneous equation.

Now, to solve substitute y = vx
Differentiating on both sides wrt $x$
$\frac{dy}{dx}= v +x\frac{dv}{dx}$

Substitute this value in equation (i)

$\\v+x\frac{dv}{dx}= \frac{1+v}{1-v}\\ x\frac{dv}{dx} = \frac{1+v}{1-v}-v =\frac{1+v^{2}}{1-v}$

$\frac{1-v}{1+v^{2}}dv = (\frac{1}{1+v^{2}}-\frac{v}{1-v^{2}})dv=\frac{dx}{x}$
Integrating on both sides, we get;

$\tan^{-1}v-1/2 \log(1+v^{2})=\log x+C$
again substitute the value of $v=y/x$
$\\\tan^{-1}(y/x)-1/2 \log(1+(y/x)^{2})=\log x+C\\ \tan^{-1}(y/x)-1/2 [\log(x^{2}+y^{2})-\log x^{2}]=\log x+C\\ tan^{-1}(y/x) = 1/2[\log (x^{2}+y^{2})]+C$

This is the required solution.

Exams
Articles
Questions