# 4. Show that the points (2, 3, 4), (– 1, – 2, 1), (5, 8, 7) are collinear.

D Divya Prakash Singh

We have the points,  A (2, 3, 4),B (– 1, – 2, 1),C (5, 8, 7);

And as we can find the direction ratios of the line joining the points $(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1}) \ and\ (x_{2},y_{2},z_{2})$ is given by $x_{2}-x_{1}, y_{2}-y_{1}, \ and\ z_{2}-z_{1}.$

The direction ratios of AB are $(-1-2), (-2-3),\ and\ (1-4)$ i.e., $-3,\ -5,\ and\ -3$

The direction ratios of BC are $(5-(-1)), (8-(-2)),\ and\ (7-1)$ i.e., $6,\ 10,\ and\ 6$.

We can see that the direction ratios of AB and BC are proportional to each other and is -2 times.

$\therefore$ AB is parallel to BC. and as point B is common to both AB and BC,

Hence the points A, B and C are collinear.

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