# Q.11 Show that the relation R in the set A of points in a plane given by , is an equivalence relation. Further, show that the set of all points related to a point is the circle passing through P with origin as centre.

The distance of point P from the origin is always the same as the distance of same point P from origin i.e.

R is reflexive.

Let  i.e. the distance of the point P from the origin is the same as the distance of the point Q from the origin.

this is the same as distance of the point Q from the origin is the same as the distance of the point P from the origin i.e.

R is symmetric.

Let         and

i.e. distance of the point P from the origin is same as the distance of the point Q from the origin, and also the distance of the point Q from the origin is same as the distance of the point S from the origin.

We can say that distance of point P, Q, S  from the origin is the same. Means distance of point P from the origin is the same as the distance of point S from origin i.e.

R is transitive.

Hence, R  is an equivalence relation.

The set of all points related to a point  are points whose distance from the origin is the same as the distance of point P from the origin.

In other words, we can say there be a point O(0,0) as origin and distance between point O and point P be k=OP then set of all points related to P is at distance k from the origin.

Hence, these set of points form circle with the centre as the origin and this circle passes through point P.

The distance of point P from origin is always same as distance of same point P from origin i.e.

R is reflexive.

Let  i.e. distance of the point P from the origin is same as the distance of the point Q from the origin.

this is same as : distance of the point Q from the origin is same as the distance of the point P from the origin i.e.

R is symmetric.

Let         and

i.e. distance of the point P from the origin is same as the distance of the point Q from the origin, and aslo  distance of the point Q from the origin is same as the distance of the point S from the origin.

We can say that distance of point P,Q,S  from origin is same.Means distance of point P from origin is same as distance of point S from origin i.e.

R is transitive.

Hence, R  is an equivalence relation.

The set of all points related to a point  are points whose distance from origin is same as distance of point P from origin.

In other words we can say there be a point O(0,0) as origin and  distance between point O and point P be k=OP then set of all points related to P is at distance k from origin.

Hence, these set of points form circle with centre as origin and this circle passes through point P.

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