# 1. Show that the three lines with direction cosines $\frac{12}{13}, \frac{-3}{13},\frac{-4}{13};\frac{4}{13},\frac{12}{13},\frac{3}{13};\frac{3}{13},\frac{-4}{13},\frac{12}{13}$   are mutually perpendicular.

GIven direction cosines of the three lines;

$L_{1}\ \left ( \frac{12}{13}, \frac{-3}{13},\frac{-4}{13} \right )$       $L_{2}\ \left ( \frac{4}{13}, \frac{12}{13},\frac{3}{13} \right )$      $L_{3}\ \left ( \frac{3}{13}, \frac{-4}{13},\frac{12}{13} \right )$

And we know that two lines with direction cosines $l_{1},m_{1},n_{1}$   and  $l_{2},m_{2},n_{2}$ are perpendicular to each other, if $l_{1}l_{2}+m_{1}m_{2}+n_{1}n_{2}=0$

Hence we will check each pair of lines:

Lines $L_{1}\ and\ L_{2}$;

$l_{1}l_{2}+m_{1}m_{2}+n_{1}n_{2}= \left [ \frac{12}{13}\times\frac{4}{13} \right ]+\left [ \frac{-3}{13}\times\frac{12}{13} \right ]+\left [ \frac{-4}{13}\times \frac{3}{13} \right ]$

$= \left [ \frac{48}{169} \right ]-\left [ \frac{36}{169} \right ]-\left [ \frac{12}{169} \right ]= 0$

$\therefore$ the lines $L_{1}\ and\ L_{2}$ are perpendicular.

Lines $L_{2}\ and\ L_{3}$;

$l_{1}l_{2}+m_{1}m_{2}+n_{1}n_{2}= \left [ \frac{4}{13}\times\frac{3}{13} \right ]+\left [ \frac{12}{13}\times\frac{-4}{13} \right ]+\left [ \frac{3}{13}\times \frac{12}{13} \right ]$

$= \left [ \frac{12}{169} \right ]-\left [ \frac{48}{169} \right ]+\left [ \frac{36}{169} \right ]= 0$

$\therefore$ the lines $L_{2}\ and\ L_{3}$ are perpendicular.

Lines $L_{3}\ and\ L_{1}$;

$l_{1}l_{2}+m_{1}m_{2}+n_{1}n_{2}= \left [ \frac{3}{13}\times\frac{12}{13} \right ]+\left [ \frac{-4}{13}\times\frac{-3}{13} \right ]+\left [ \frac{12}{13}\times \frac{-4}{13} \right ]$

$= \left [ \frac{36}{169} \right ]+\left [ \frac{12}{169} \right ]-\left [ \frac{48}{169} \right ]= 0$

$\therefore$ the lines $L_{3}\ and\ L_{1}$ are perpendicular.

Thus, we have all lines are mutually perpendicular to each other.

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