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The taxi fare in a city is as follows: For the first kilometre, the fare is Rs. 8 and for the subsequent distance it is Rs. 5 per km. Taking the distance covered as x km and total fare as Rs. y, write a linear equation for this information, and draw its

4. The taxi fare in a city is as follows: For the first kilometre, the fare is Rs. 8 and for the subsequent distance it is Rs. 5 per km. Taking the distance covered as x km and total fare as Rs. y, write a linear equation for this information, and draw its graph.

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Given: The distance covered as x km and total fare is Rs. y.

Total fare =the fare for first km + the fare of the remaining  distance 

\therefore y=8+5\times (x-1)

\Rightarrow y=8+5x-5

\Rightarrow y=3+5x

For graph,

Putting x=0, we have y=3+5(0)=3

Putting x=1, we have y=3+5(1)=8

Putting x=2, we have y=3+5(2)=13

Hence,(0,3),(1,8) and (2,13)  are solutions of equation.

The graph is as shown :

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