8.4  To what extent do the electronic configurations decide the stability of oxidation states in the first series of the transition elements? Illustrate your answer with examples.

Answers (1)
M manish

Elements of the first half of the transition series exhibit many oxidation states. manganese shows the maximum number of oxidation states (+2 to +7). The stability of +2 oxidation states increases with the increase in atomic number (as more number of electrons are filled in d-orbital). However, the Sc does not exhibit  +2 oxidation states, its EC is 3d^{1}4s^{2}. It loses all three electrons to attain stable  d^{0}-configuration (noble gas configuration). Ti(IV)and V(+5) are stable for the same reason. In the case of manganese, (+2) oxidation state is very stable because of half-filled d-electron(d^{5}-configuration).

Preparation Products

Knockout NEET Sept 2020

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of NEET..

₹ 15999/- ₹ 6999/-
Buy Now
Rank Booster NEET 2020

This course will help student to be better prepared and study in the right direction for NEET..

₹ 9999/- ₹ 4999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main Sept 2020

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of JEE Main..

₹ 12999/- ₹ 6999/-
Buy Now
Test Series NEET Sept 2020

Take chapter-wise, subject-wise and Complete syllabus mock tests and get in depth analysis of your test..

₹ 4999/- ₹ 2999/-
Buy Now
Knockout NEET May 2021

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of NEET..

₹ 22999/- ₹ 11999/-
Buy Now
Exams
Articles
Questions