# Q5  Verify Mean Value Theorem, if$f (x) = x^3 - 5x^2- 3x$in the interval [a, b], where        a = 1 and b = 3. Find all $c \epsilon (1,3)$ for which f '(c) = 0.

Condition for M.V.T.
If $f ; [ a ,b] \rightarrow R$
a ) f is continuous in [a,b]
b ) f is differentiable in (a,b)
Then,  their exist a c  in (a,b) such that
$f^{'}(c) = \frac{f(b)-f(a)}{b-a}$
It is given that
$f (x) = x^3 - 5x^2- 3x$  and interval is [1,3]
Now, f being a polynomial function , $f (x) = x^3 - 5x^2- 3x$ is continuous in[1,3] and  differentiable in (1,3)
And
$f(1)= 1^3-5(1)^2-3(1)= 1-5-3=1-8=-7$
and
$f(3)= 3^3-5(3)^2-3(3)= 27-5.9-9= 18-45=-27$
Then, by Mean value theorem we can say that their exist a c  in (1,4) such that
$f^{'}(c) = \frac{f(b)-f(a)}{b-a}$
$f^{'}(c) = \frac{f(3)-f(1)}{3-1}\\ f^{'}(c)= \frac{-27-(-7)}{2}\\ f^{'}(c)= \frac{-20}{2}\\ f^{'}(c)= -10$
Now,
$f^{'}(x) =3x^2-10x-3\\ f^{'}(c)=3c^2-10c-3\\ -10=3c^2-10c-3\\ 3c^2-10c+7=0\\ 3c^2-3c-7c+7=0\\ (c-1)(3c-7)=0\\ c = 1 \ \ \ and \ \ \ c = \frac{7}{3}$
And $c=1,\frac{7}{3} \ and \ \frac{7}{3}\ \epsilon \ (1,3)$
Hence, mean value theorem is varified for following function $f (x) = x^3 - 5x^2- 3x$ and  $c=\frac{7}{3}$ is the only point where f '(c) = 0

Exams
Articles
Questions