14.21 What are nucleic acids? Mention their two important functions.
Nucleic acids are biomolecules found in nuclei of a cell. They are of two types
(i) DNA - Deoxyribonucleic acid
(ii) RNA - Ribonucleic acid.
The two important functions of nucleic acid are:-
(i) DNA present in chromosomes is responsible for heredity by transferring genes.
(ii) Both the nucleic acids are responsible for the protein synthesis in a cell.