Write the following functions in the simplest form:

    7. \tan^{-1}\left(\sqrt{\frac{1-\cos x}{1 + \cos x}} \right ),\;\; 0< x < \pi

Answers (1)

Given that \tan^{-1}\left(\sqrt{\frac{1-\cos x}{1 + \cos x}} \right ),\;\; 0< x < \pi

We have in inside the root the term : \frac{1-\cos x}{1 + \cos x}

Put 1-\cos x = 2\sin^2\frac{x}{2}   and    1+\cos x = 2\cos^2\frac{x}{2},

Then we have,

=\tan^{-1}\left(\sqrt{\frac{2\sin^2\frac{x}{2}}{2\cos^2\frac{x}{2}}} \right )

=\tan^{-1}\left( \frac{\sin \frac{x}{2}}{\cos\frac{x}{2}} \right )

=\tan^{-1}(\tan\frac{x}{2}) = \frac{x}{2}

Hence the simplest form is \frac{x}{2}

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