Define the following terms with a suitable example in each :

(i) Antibiotics

(ii) Artificial sweeteners

(iii) Analgesics

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Answers (1)

(i) Antibiotics :- Chemical substances, which in low concentration either kill or inhibit the growth of micro organisms by intervening in their metabolic                           processes.

For eg, Penicillin, Chloramphenical etc.

(ii) Artificial sweetners :- The chemicals that are added tp load to add sweetnerss,  controlling the calorie intake at the same time are known as                                         artificial sweetners.

 For eg. Saccharin, aspertame,sucrolose etc -

(iii) Analgesics :- Neurologically active drugs which reduce or abolish pain without causing impairment of conscioiusness, mental                             confusion,inco- ordination or paralysis or some other disorder of the  nervous systems are called analgesics.

For eg; Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.

 

 

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