Define the following terms with a suitable example of each :

(a) Antacids

(b) Artificial sweeteners

(c) Anionic detergents

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Answers (1)
S Sumit

(a) Antacids :

Antacids are substances which remove excess acid and raise pH to appropriate level in stomach.

Example : NaHCO_3

(b) Artificial sweeteners :

Artificial sweeteners are agents that add sweet taste to food. They are sugar substitutes as sucrose add to calorie and promote tooth decay.

Example : Saccharin 

(c) Anionic detergents :

Anionic detergents are prepared by treating long chain alcohols with conc.  H_2SO_4 to form alkyl hydrogen sulphates which are treated with alkalies to form salt.

Example : Sodium lauryl sulphate (C_1_1H_2_3CH_2OSO_3^-Na^+)

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