Define the following terms with a suitable example of each:

(a) Antibiotics

(b) Antiseptics

(c) Anionic detergents. 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Answers (1)

(a) Antibiotics : Antibacterial agents which in low concentration either kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms by intervening in their metabolic processes e.g. Chloramphenicol, Penicillin 

(b) Antiseptics: Antibacterial agents which prevent the growth of micro-organisms and may even kill them. e.g. Dettol, Bithional

(c) Anionic detergents: Synthetic detergents in which a large part of the molecules are anions and it is the anionic part which is involved in their cleansing action e.g. Sodium lauryl sulphate.

 

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