A shell of mass 0.020 kg is fired by a gun of mass 100kg. if the muzzle speed of the shell is 80m/s what is the recoil speed of the gun?

 

Answers (1)

Mass of the gun, M= 100 kg

Mass of the shell, m= 0.020 kg

Muzzle speed of the shell, v = 80 m/s

Recoil speed of the gun = V

Both the gun and the shell are at rest initially.

Initial momentum of the system = 0

Final momentum of the system = mv - MV

Here, the negative sign appears because the directions of the shell and the gun are opposite to each other.

According to the law of conservation of momentum:

Final momentum = Initial momentum

mv - MV= 0

∴ V =   mv / M

= 0.020 x 80  /  100 x 1000

= 0.016 m/s

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