(a) A conductor A with a cavity as shown in Fig. 1.36(a) is given a charge Q. Show that the entire charge must appear on the outer surface of the conductor. (b) Another conductor B with charge q is inserted into the cavity keeping B insulated from A. Show that the total charge on the outside surface of A is Q + q 

Answers (1)

We know, Electric field inside a conductor is zero.

Now, imagine a Gaussian surface just outside the cavity inside the conductor. Since, E=0 (Using Gauss' law), hence net charge must be zero inside the surface. Therefore, -q charge is induced on the inner side of the cavity(facing conductor B).

Now consider a Gaussian surface just outside the conductor A. The net electric field must be due to charge Q and q. Hence, q charge is induced on the outer surface of conductor A. Therefore, net charge on the outer surface of A is Q + q. 

Most Viewed Questions

Preparation Products

Knockout JEE Main (Six Month Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Expert Mentorship, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 9999/- ₹ 8499/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (Nine Month Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Expert Mentorship, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 13999/- ₹ 12499/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (One Month Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Expert Mentorship, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 2999/- ₹ 1999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (Twelve Months Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Expert Mentorship, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 19999/- ₹ 14499/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (Eight Months Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Expert Mentorship, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 15999/- ₹ 12499/-
Buy Now
Boost your Preparation for JEE Main 2021 with Personlized Coaching
 
Exams
Articles
Questions