Consider an arbitrary electrostatic field configuration. A small test charge is placed at a null point of the condfiguration. Show that the equilibrium of the test charge is necessarity unstable.

Answers (1)

For equilibrium to be stable, there must be a restoring force and hence all the field lines should be directed inwards towards the null point. This implies that there is a net inward flux of the electric field. But this violates Gauss's law, which states that the flux of electric field through a surface not enclosing any charge must be zero. Hence, the equilibrium of the test charge cannot be stable.

Therefore, the equilibrium is necessarily unstable.

Preparation Products

JEE Main Rank Booster 2021

This course will help student to be better prepared and study in the right direction for JEE Main..

₹ 13999/- ₹ 9999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main April 2021 (Subscription)

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of JEE Main..

₹ 4999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main April 2021

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of JEE Main..

₹ 22999/- ₹ 14999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main April 2022

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of JEE Main..

₹ 34999/- ₹ 24999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main January 2022

An exhaustive E-learning program for the complete preparation of JEE Main..

₹ 34999/- ₹ 24999/-
Buy Now
Exams
Articles
Questions