Highest rate of esterification with alcohols will be given by
As we learnt in
Esterification of carboxylic acid -
⇒ Carboxylic acid with alcohols or phenols forms esters in the presence of catalyst H2SO4 / HCl
⇒ It's a kind of nucleophilic acyl substitution.
⇒ Involves cleavage of C - OH bond.
Carboxylic acids with alcohols from esters
Nucleophiles react more readily with unhindered carbonyl groups.
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